Title Ensuring Quality to Gain Access to Global Markets (International Development in Practice)
Subtitle A Reform Toolkit
Author Martin Kellermann
ISBN 9781464813726
List price USD 45.00
Price outside India Available on Request
Original price
Binding Paperback
No of pages 276
Book size 216 x 279 mm
Publishing year 2019
Original publisher The World Bank
Published in India by .
Exclusive distributors Viva Books Private Limited
Sales territory India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Nepal, .
Status New Arrival
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Description:

In a modern world with rapidly growing international trade, countries compete less on the availability of natural resources, geographical advantages, and lower labor costs and more on factors related to a firm’s ability to enter and compete in new markets. One such factor is the ability to demonstrate the quality and safety of goods and services expected by consumers and to confirm compliance with international standards. To ensure such compliance, a sound quality infrastructure (QI) ecosystem is essential.

Jointly developed by the World Bank Group and the National Metrology Institute of Germany, Ensuring Quality to Gain Access to Global Markets: A Reform Toolkit is designed to help development partners and governments analyze a country’s QI ecosystem, provide recommendations to design and implement reforms, and enhance the capacity of QI institutions. The toolkit’s 12 modules provide a systematic, holistic knowledge resource—supported by practical case studies and examples—for QI diagnostics, reform interventions and approaches, and monitoring and evaluation.


Contents:

Foreword by Caroline Freund

Foreword by Gunther Beger and Joachim Ullrich

Acknowledgments

About the Author

Abbreviations

PART 1: Introduction

MODULE 1: Executive Summary • Introduction • Overview • Quick start guide • QI Toolkit module descriptions • Notes • References

MODULE 2: The Importance of QI Reform and Demand Assessment • Introduction • Why countries need to develop competent and effective quality infrastructures • Demand assessment • Notes • References

PART 2: The Quality Infrastructure

MODULE 3: Standards • Definitions and types of standards • International, regional, and national public standards • Private standards • Good standardization practice • Other normative documents • Standards information: Free or to be paid for? • The economic impact of standards • Notes • ISO standards referenced in module 3 • References

MODULE 4: Metrology • Introduction • History • Definition and scope • Scientific metrology • Legal metrology • Industrial metrology • The traceability chain and measurement uncertainties • The necessity and impact of metrology • Systems of measurement • International and regional metrology organizations • International recognition systems • The International Organization of Legal Metrology (OIML) • Metrology organizations at the national level • Notes • Standards referenced in module 4 • References

MODULE 5: Accreditation • Introduction • Definition and scope • International standards • Utilization and outcomes of accreditation • Impact of accreditation • International and regional recognition • Regional and national accreditation bodies • Notes • Standards referenced in module 5 • References

MODULE 6: Conformity Assessment • Conformity assessment spectrum and definitions • Inspection • Testing • Product certification • Management system certification • Impacts of conformity assessment • Recognition criteria and challenges, international and local • Public versus private sector service providers • International certification schemes • Conformity assessment services and the SME sector • The certification choice from the supplier’s perspective • Notes • Standards referenced in module 6 • References

MODULE 7: Technical Regulation • The technical regulation spectrum and definitions • Differences between standards and technical regulations • Elements of a technical regulation system • The role of standards and ways to reference them • Conformity assessment modality good practices • Regulatory authority versus supplier responsibilities • Market surveillance, risk, and sanctions • Impact of technical regulations • Good technical regulatory practice • Differences between TBT and SPS measures • Notes • Standards referenced in module 7 • References

MODULE 8: The Quality Infrastructure as a Flexible PPP System • Introduction • Government responsibilities • Metrology • Standards • Accreditation • Private sector involvement in the QI • References

PART 3: Implementation

MODULE 9: Diagnostic Tools • Introduction • Rapid Diagnostic Tool • Comprehensive Diagnostic Tool • Standards referenced in module 9 • Reference

MODULE 10: How to Reform: Interventions and Approaches • Introduction • Quality policy and strategy • Reforming the QI legal and institutional framework • Creating an awareness, information, and training campaign • Developing standardization for competitiveness • Strengthening metrology and accreditation • Special considerations for QI development projects • Streamlining and harmonizing technical regulations with international standards and target markets • The role of standards compliance in global value chains and foreign direct investment • Improving the quality of domestic products to meet standards • Enabling innovation • Solving conflicts of interest • Notes • Standards referenced in module 10 • References

MODULE 11: Challenges of QI Reform • Introduction • Project preparation and management • Challenges of QI institutions in low- and middle-income countries • Strategic approaches to support QI development • References

MODULE 12: Monitoring and Evaluation: Performance and Impact of the QI Reforms • Introduction • Monitoring and evaluation • Theory of change and logic models • Logframes • Evaluation • Performance and impact indicators • Note • References

Figures

Maps

Tables


About the Author:

Martin Kellermann has more than 40 years of experience working in quality infrastructure (QI), first in the South African Bureau of Standards and thereafter as a consultant all over the world. He has worked in Central Asia, the Middle East, East Africa, West Africa, and East Asia, advising governments and QI institutions on policy, strategy, and the reengineering of business activities, as well as facilitating the drafting of national quality policies and QI legislation. During this time, he worked with the World Bank, National Metrology Institute of Germany, International Organization for Standardization, International Trade Centre, United Nations Industrial Development Organization, United Nations Development Programme, and many other organizations, and he has contributed to and authored multiple publications on QI.

Kellermann holds a master’s degree in mechanical engineering from Pretoria University. He has also studied accountancy at the University of the Witwatersrand’s Graduate School of Business Administration and participated in the Executive Education Program of the Haas School of Business, University of California, Berkeley. Currently, Kellermann lives with his wife in South Africa.


Target Audience:

This book will be useful to people interested in Quality Infrastructure, Economics and Trade.

 
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