Title Back to School (International Development in Focus)
Subtitle Pathways for Reengagement of Out-of-School Youth in Education
Author Subhashini Rajasekaran, Joel Reyes
ISBN 9781464814044
List price USD 39.95
Price outside India Available on Request
Original price
Binding Paperback
No of pages 148
Book size 216 x 279 mm
Publishing year 2019
Original publisher The World Bank
Published in India by .
Exclusive distributors Viva Books Private Limited
Sales territory India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Nepal, .
Status New Arrival
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Back to School: Pathways for Reengagement of Out-of-School Youth in Education focuses on a social and global problem—200 million adolescents and youth are out of school, live in adverse life circumstances, and face multiple disadvantages. It analyzes the available evidence for what works, how, and why for reengaging and retaining these young people in education. The study further explores for whom and in what contexts the identified interventions can be effective, considering variations in both individual and contextual characteristics of the targeted youth. The synthesized findings from this review are used to build a broad theory of change which can guide efforts of policy and programming for designing contextualized interventions for education reengagement.



About the Authors

Executive Summary


Chapter 1: Introduction • Defining out-of-school and at-risk youth • Understanding types of risk factors affecting out-of-school youngsters • The associations between risk factors and outcomes • Characteristics of risks faced by out-of-school adolescents and youth • Overlaps between research on risk, on resilience, and on positive youth development • The integrative view of risk, resilience and positive youth development • Notes • References

Chapter 2: Educational Disengagement and the Benefits of Reengagement • What is educational engagement and why is it important? • What is reengagement and why is it needed? • Evidence of social and economic benefits of investing in educational reengagement • Notes • References

Chapter 3: Methodology • Methodological framework • Search strategy • Limitations • Audience • Notes • References

Chapter 4: Evidence on School Engagement and Reengagement: What Works, How & Why, for Whom, and in What Contexts? • What works: reengagement interventions and effect sizes • How reengagement interventions work • For whom and in what contexts do reengagement interventions work? • Why these interventions work: accumulated evidence from multiple disciplines • Locating the complex evidence: what, how, why, for whom, and in what contexts? • Notes • References

Chapter 5: Understanding the Complex Process of Reengagement • Reengagement programs with multiple interventions: the evidence • A synthesis of the complex process of reengagement: the interrelation of core and enabling interventions • Initial thoughts on generalizable causal mechanisms to guide design • Notes • References

Chapter 6: Implications for Program Design and Implementation • A theory of change for education reengagement of at-risk and out-of-school adolescents and youth • Principles for program development • Policy questions • Notes • References

Chapter 7: Conclusion • Note • Reference

Appendix A: Risk Factors

Appendix B: Evidence Summary of What Works

Appendix C: Additional Reading



About the Authors:

Subhashini Rajasekaran is an Economist (YP) at the World Bank working in the area of education and skills development. Prior to this, she worked at McKinsey & Co. on education reform with public-private partnerships in India, and over the last nine years, with several governmental and nongovernmental organizations. Her research interest is in strengthening learner engagement and outcomes in preuniversity education, with particular focus on quality of learning environments, teacher management, and effective utilization of data for decision-making at all levels. She completed her bachelor’s degree in engineering, and holds a master’s degree in education from Tata Institute of Social Sciences (Mumbai) and a postgraduate diploma from the Indian School of Business (Hyderabad).

Joel Reyes is a Senior Institutional Development Specialist (education sector), with 25 years of experience in the World Bank Education Global Practice (in Africa, Europe and Central Asia, Middle East and North Africa, Latin America and the Caribbean, and South Asia). From 2013–15, he cochaired the steering committee of the International Network for Education in Emergencies (INEE). His professional and research interests focus on complex social and education problems, especially in fragile, conflict- and/or violence-affected contexts. His academic background has cut across different levels of social and educational development: he is a doctoral candidate in international education from the University of Sussex (United Kingdom) and has been awarded master’s degrees in international development from Columbia University (New York) and organizational development from Johns Hopkins University (Baltimore). He led the design of the World Bank’s work on Education Resilience Approaches (ERA), within the System Assessment for Better Education Results (SABER). He is currently Education Team Leader in Turkey, supporting the country in its transition from the emergency response for almost four million Syrian refugees, to institutionalized education services and ongoing development efforts. As part of his doctoral research, he is developing the “Transformative Resilience Framework,” aimed at guiding more relevant research of change from adversity to wellbeing, including the use of qualitative approaches.

Target Audience:

This book will be useful to people interested in Education.

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