Title Particle Physics
Subtitle (IOP Concise Physics)
Author Richard A. Dunlap
ISBN 9781643273594
List price USD 49.95
Price outside India Available on Request
Original price
Binding Paperback
No of pages 128
Book size 178 x 254 mm
Publishing year 2018
Original publisher Morgan & Claypool Publishers (Eurospan Group)
Published in India by .
Exclusive distributors Viva Books Private Limited
Sales territory India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Nepal, .
Status New Arrival
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Description:

Our understanding of subatomic particles developed over many years, although a clear picture of the different particles, their interactions and their inter-relationships only emerged in the latter part of the twentieth century. The first “subatomic particles” to be investigated were those which exhibit readily observable macroscopic behavior, specifically these are the photon, which we observe as light and the electron, which is manifested as electricity. The true nature of these particles, however, only became clear within the last century or so. The development of the Standard Model provided clarification of the way in which various particles, specifically the hadrons, relate to one another and the way in which their properties are determined by their structure. The final piece, perhaps, of the final model, that is the means by which some particles acquire mass, has just recently been clarified with the observation of the Higgs boson.

Since the 1970s it has been known that the measured solar neutrino flux was inconsistent with the flux predicted by solar models. The existence of neutrinos with mass would allow for neutrino flavor oscillations and would provide an explanation for this discrepancy. Only in the past few years, has there been clear experimental evidence that neutrinos have mass.

The description of particle structure on the basis of the Standard Model, along with recent discoveries concerning neutrino properties, provides us with a comprehensive picture of the properties of subatomic particles. Part I of the present book provides an overview of the Standard Model of particle physics including an overview of the discovery and properties of the Higgs boson. Part II of the book summarizes the important investigations into the physics of neutrinos and provides an overview of the interpretation of these studies.


Contents:

Preface

Acknowledgements

Author Biography

Part I: The Standard Model of Particle Physics

Chapter 1: Historical overview of particle physics • Introduction • Photons • Electrons • Protons • Neutrons • Neutrinos • Positrons • Muons • Pions • Antiprotons and antineutrons • References and suggestions for further reading

Chapter 2: Classification of subatomic particles and their interactions • Introduction • Leptons • Gauge bosons • Feynman diagrams • Problems • References and suggestions for further reading

Chapter 3: Evidence for quarks • Introduction • Coulombic scattering • Magnetic moment of the neutron • Excited states of the neutron and proton • Meson production • Deep inelastic scattering • References and suggestions for further reading

Chapter 4: Hadronic structure and interactions • Introduction • Structure of mesons • Structure of baryons • Quarks, gluons and color • Understanding decays and reactions • Problems • References and suggestions for further reading

Chapter 5: The Higgs boson • Introduction • Spontaneous symmetry breaking • The Higgs field • The search for the Higgs boson • References and suggestions for further reading

Part II: Neutrino oscillations

Chapter 6: Solar neutrinos • Introduction • Solar fusion processes • Problem • References and suggestions for further reading

Chapter 7: Radiochemical neutrino experiments • Introduction • The Homestake Mine experiment • SAGE • GALLEX/GNO • Calibration of gallium experiments • Problem • References and suggestions for further reading

Chapter 8: Properties of neutrinos • Introduction • Dirac and Majorana neutrinos • Neutrino flavors and Cabibbo mixing • Neutrino flavor mixing and the MSW effect • References and suggestions for further reading

Chapter 9: Kamiokande and Super-Kamiokande • Introduction • Cherenkov radiation • Kamiokande and Super-Kamiokande • Solar neutrino experiments • Atmospheric neutrino experiments • Accelerator neutrino experiments • Supernova neutrinos • Proton decay experiments • Problems • References and suggestions for further reading

Chapter 10: Sudbury Neutrino Observatory • Introduction • Sudbury Neutrino Observatory • Analysis of SNO data • Problem • References and suggestions for further reading

Chapter 11: Scintillator experiments • Introduction • Borexino • KamLAND • References and suggestions for further reading

Chapter 12: Neutrino masses and their implications • Introduction • Neutrino masses • Cosmological implications of neutrino mass • Neutrino magnetic moment •  Problem • References and suggestions for further reading


About the Author:

Richard A. Dunlap received a B.S. in Physics from Worcester Polytechnic Institute in 1974, an A.M. in Physics from Dartmouth College in1976 and a Ph.D. in Physics from Clark University in 1981. Since receiving his Ph.D. he has been on the Faculty in the Department of Physics and Atmospheric Science at Dalhousie University where he currently holds an appointment as Research Professor. Prof. Dunlap has published more than 300 refereed research papers and his research interests have included, magnetic materials, amorphous alloys, critical phenomena, hydrogen storage, quasicrystals, superconductivity and materials for advanced batteries. He is author of four previous books; Experimental Physics: Modern Methods (Oxford 1988), The Golden Ratio and Fibonacci Numbers (World Scientific 1997), An Introduction to the Physics of Nuclei and Particles (Brooks/Cole 2004) and Sustainable Energy (Cengage, 1st ed. 2015, 2nd ed. 2019).

Target Audience:

This book is intended for students and academicians of physics.

 

 
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