Title Shadows of Conflict in Northern and Eastern Sri Lanka
Subtitle Socioeconomic Challenges and a Way Forward
Author Anna O’Donnell, Mohamed Ghani Razaak, Markus Kostner, Jeeva Perumpillai-Essex
ISBN 9781464813443
List price USD 33.50
Price outside India Available on Request
Original price
Binding Paperback
No of pages 74
Book size 216 x 279 mm
Publishing year 2018
Original publisher The World Bank
Published in India by .
Exclusive distributors Viva Books Private Limited
Sales territory India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Nepal, .
Status New Arrival
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This book summarizes a series of studies undertaken to better understand the current socioeconomic context of the Northern and Eastern provinces in Sri Lanka. Nearly a decade after the end of the Sri Lankan civil war, the Northern and Eastern provinces lag in key social and economic measures. The overarching study was made up of six background studies, focused on (i) the provincial economies and economic structures of the North and East; (ii) labor-force dynamics; (iii) demographic changes and impacts on vulnerability; (iv) the psychosocial needs of the local population; (v) community and social institutions; and (vi) livelihood trends and impacts of the war on productive assets. These studies were informed by both primary data collection, as well as secondary data sources and literature. The key findings from the assessment show that significant public investments in the Northern and Eastern provinces have resulted in growth and convergence between these provinces and the rest of the country. Pockets of poverty and deprivation remain across these provinces, however, and the economic base of the region has yet to fully recover from the impacts of the civil war. Social vulnerabilities persist across the Northern and Eastern provinces, and are linked closely with poverty rates. With the demographic impacts of the war, vulnerabilities for women are growing in the region. There is a high rate of psychosocial needs recorded, and evidence that the social fabric has not been restored fully since the war. Citizen engagement, trust, and accountability remain important priorities, alongside economic revival, job creation, and restoring the social fabric and local institutions.



About the Authors

Chapter 1: Introduction • Objective of the socioeconomic assessment • Background • Notes • References

Chapter 2: Economic and Social Developments in the Northern and Eastern Provinces during the Conflict • Background • Economic impact of the conflict • Social impacts of the conflict • Conclusion • Notes • References

Chapter 3: Development Efforts in Sri Lanka’s Postwar Period • Public investment in the Northern and Eastern provinces • Investments by donors or development partners • Gaps and limitations of postconflict development • Conclusion • Notes • References

Chapter 4: Current Economic Dynamics in Postwar Sri Lanka • Current economic profiles of the Northern and Eastern provinces • Current economic dynamics • Labor and employment • Youth • Conclusions • Notes • References

Chapter 5: Contemporary Social Issues and Demographic Changes in the Northern and Eastern Provinces • Breakdown of community structures • Skewed sex ratios and gender vulnerability • Displacement • Postwar trauma • Vulnerable populations • Conclusion • Notes • References

Chapter 6: The Way Forward • Postconflict development: global perspectives • Promoting sustainable peace in the Northern and Eastern provinces • Conclusion • Notes • References

About the Authors:

Markus Kostner has over 25 years of experience in the areas of fragility and conflict, violence prevention, crisis response, and social development. He has worked extensively on Africa, Latin America, Middle East, and Southeast Asia. He has broad operational and analytical experience in the fields of demobilization and reintegration of ex-combatants, community-driven development, conflict and postconflict engagement, and postdisaster social impacts analysis. Kostner has worked at the World Bank, the Vienna University of Economics and Business, the Austrian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and other institutions. He holds an MBA and a doctorate in economics from the Vienna University of Economics and Business.

Anna O’Donnell is a Senior Social Development Specialist in the Social, Urban, Rural and Resilience Global Practice of the World Bank in Washington, DC. Since joining the World Bank, she has worked on issues involving social resilience, community-driven development, low-income housing, and youth inclusion in the digital economy, primarily in the South Asia Region. O’Donnell holds a doctorate in sociology from the University of Maryland, where her research focused on outcomes of efficiency and equity in participatory community-based organizations.

Jeeva Perumpillai-Essex has over 35 years of experience as a Development Economist addressing issues of poverty and sustainable business in the Africa, East Asia and Pacific, and South Asia regions. Perumpillai-Essex worked at the World Bank for over twenty years, as well as at the International Finance Corporation. Since 2015, she has been living in Sri Lanka, where she is developing and advising on programs and projects in the public and private sectors on sustainable growth of the Northern Province in Sri Lanka. She has also been working with civil society groups on designing and implementing sustainable livelihood programs with a focus on women. She holds a master’s degree in agriculture economics from the University of New England in Australia.

Mohamed Ghani Razaak joined the World Bank in 2010, working in the Colombo office, where he supported social development considerations in several postconflict development projects in Sri Lanka’s Northern and Eastern provinces, as well urban, health, education, and community-centered development projects. Since 2016, he has been working in the Europe and Central Asia Region of the World Bank. Prior to joining the World Bank, Razaak worked as a Senior Lecturer at the Department of Sociology, Peradeniya University, Sri Lanka. In addition, he worked as a Consultant to the Asian Development Bank and the International Fund for Agriculture Development, and he published several articles and research papers on human security, forced migration, and rural development issues in Sri Lanka. Razaak holds a master’s degree in development sociology from Colorado State University, and a doctorate in applied sociology from La Trobe University, Melbourne, Australia, where his research focused on internally displaced persons affected by the civil conflict in Sri Lanka.

Target Audience:

The book is helpful for people interested in Sociology, Poverty, Economics and Socioeconomic status of Sri Lanka.

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