Title Toward Great Dhaka
Subtitle A New Urban Development Paradigm Eastward (Directions in Development: Countries and Regions)
Author Julia Bird, Yue Li, Hossain Zillur Rahman, Martin Rama, Anthony J. Venables
ISBN 9781464812385
List price USD 45.00
Price outside India Available on Request
Original price
Binding Paperback
No of pages 184
Book size 178 x 254 mm
Publishing year 2018
Original publisher The World Bank
Published in India by .
Exclusive distributors Viva Books Private Limited
Sales territory India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Nepal, .
Status New Arrival
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A unique strategic opportunity beckons Bangladesh. Dhaka, the economic powerhouse of the country, stands on the cusp of a dramatic transformation that could make it much more prosperous and livable. Today, Dhaka is prone to flooding, congestion, and messiness, to a point that is clogging its growth. But toward its east, where two major highway corridors will one day intersect, is a vast expanse of largely rural land. And much of it is within 6 kilometers of the most valuable parts of the city.

The time to make the most of this eastward opportunity is now. Many parts of East Dhaka are already being developed in a haphazard way at an alarmingly rapid pace. Private developers are buying land and filling it with sand so they can build and sell new houses and apartments. Canals and ponds are disappearing, and the few narrow roads crossing the area are being encroached by construction. This spontaneous development could soon make East Dhaka look like the messy western part of the city, and retrofitting it late will be more difficult and costlier than properly planning and developing it now.

Toward Great Dhaka: A New Urban Development Paradigm Eastward seeks to analyze how the opportunity of East Dhaka could be realized. Using state-of-the-art modeling techniques, the study simulates population, housing, economic activity, and commuting times across the 266 unions that constitute Greater Dhaka. It does so under various scenarios for the development of East Dhaka, but always assessing the implications for the entire city.

The simulations suggest that pursuing a strategic approach to the development of East Dhaka would make Greater Dhaka a much more productive and livable city than continuing with business as usual. Based on current trends, Greater Dhaka would have a population of 25 million in 2035 and an income per capita of US$8,000 at 2015 prices. However, embracing a strategic approach would add 5 million people to the city. And, it would be a more productive city, with nearly 1.8 million more jobs and an income per capita of more than US$9,200 at 2015 prices, enough to put Dhaka on the map of global cities.




About the Authors


Overview: Toward Great Dhaka • The promise and pitfalls of urbanization • A South Asian hub • The cost of inaction • A more prosperous Bangladesh

Chapter 1 Dhaka: Dynamic but Messy • Disproportionally important • Strategically located • Successful on many counts • Three critical challenges • A shortage of high-quality urban land • References

Chapter 2 Fragmented Responsibilities • Weak urban authorities • Ineffective coordination mechanisms • Partial implementation of plans • A stellar exception • References

Chapter 3 East and West • Dhaka’s western part • Dhaka’s eastern part • Potential and risks • References

Chapter 4 Urban Development Scenarios • Multiple proposals • A unique opportunity • The example of Pudong, Shanghai • A new paradigm eastward • Mimicking a strategic approach • References

Chapter 5 Modeling City Growth • The new urban economics • Geography, firms and households • Deriving an urban equilibrium • Calibrating the geography • Calibrating firms and households • Constructing the four scenarios • References

Chapter 6 Dhaka in 2035 • A more prosperous city • An engine of economic growth • The distribution of gains • References

Chapter 7 Implementing the Vision • Returns and financing • The payoffs to being strategic • Risks and mitigation • References

About the Authors:

Julia Bird is a postdoctoral researcher in economics at the University of Oxford. Her research seeks to explore the changing patterns of urbanization observed over recent decades, with a focus on Sub-Saharan Africa. In particular, she is interested in the location decisions of firms and people within and across urban areas, how they interact and generate agglomeration economies, and how these spatial patterns are impacted by policies such as infrastructure  investments. She previously completed a PhD at Toulouse School of Economics, France.

Yue Li is a Senior Economist at the World Bank, working in the Office of the Chief Economist for the South Asia region. She has led the preparation of studies on regional issues, and contributed to country-level engagements. Prior to that, she coauthored the World Development Report 2013: Jobs and worked in   the SubSaharan Africa, Europe and Central Asia, and East Asia and Pacific regions of the World Bank. Her research covers international trade, firm dynamics, economic geography, and urban economics. She holds a PhD in economics from Rutgers University, and master’s degrees in Economics and Political Science from Syracuse University. Her bachelor’s degree is from Peking University, China.

Hossain Zillur Rahman is the founder-chairman of the Dhaka-based think tank, Power and Participation Research Centre (PPRC). A leading civic and policy voice of Bangladesh, he currently leads the centre’s work on urbanization, universal health coverage, social protection, and inclusive growth. His former  positions include lead consultant for Poverty Reduction Strategy, member of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) Poverty Commission, and member of the Bangladesh Bank Board. He was appointed Advisor (cabinet minister) in charge of the Ministries of Commerce and Education in the Caretaker Government of Bangladesh (2007–08). He was awarded the Dr. John Meyer Global Citizenship Award by the Institute for Global Leadership of Tufts University, United States in 2009 and the Gold Medal 2013 by Rotary International Bangladesh.

Martin Rama is the Chief Economist for the South Asia region at the World Bank, where he promotes debate on difficult policy issues in the region, leads the   preparation of major reports on regional issues, and oversees the quality of the Bank’s analytical work in the region. His former positions include the Director of the World Development Report 2013: Jobs, and the Lead Economist for Vietnam. Prior to moving to operations, he spent 10 years with the research department of the World Bank and was visiting professor at the University of Paris. Back in his home country, Uruguay, he was a director of CINVE, the country’s largest think tank. The main focus of his research is on labor issues.

Anthony J. Venables is Professor of Economics at Oxford University, where he directs a program of research on urbanization in developing countries and the Oxford Centre for the Analysis of Resource Rich Economies. He is a Fellow of the Econometric Society, the Regional Science Association, and the British Academy; a member of the steering group of the International Growth Centre; and Chair of the Scientific Advisory Committee of the IFO Institute. His former positions include Chief Economist at the UK Department for International Development and Professor at the London School of Economics. He has published extensively in the areas of international trade and spatial economics, including work on trade and imperfect competition, economic integration,   multinational firms, economic geography, and natural resources.

Target Audience:

People interested in Urban Planning.

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