Title The Complexity Called Manipur
Subtitle Roots, Perceptions & Reality
Author Brig. Sushil Kumar Sharma
ISBN 9789388653008
List price Rs 1295.00
Price outside India Available on Request
Original price
Binding Hardbound
No of pages 400
Book size 153 x 229 mm
Publishing year 2019
Original publisher Viva Books Private Limited
Published in India by Viva Books Private Limited
Exclusive distributors Viva Books Private Limited
Sales territory Worldwide
Status New Arrival
About the book


“The book by Brigadier Sushil Kumar Sharma is an interesting presentation of the current social and political realities of Manipur. Considering the diversity in the social composition of Manipur and its struggle as an evolving political entity, the sources of conflicts in Manipur are large and varied. Brigadier Sharma has ably used his experiences as an officer of the armed forces to analyse the causes and origins of conflicts in Manipur and present a practical perspective on the current and emerging issues. His analysis confirms the fact that social issues of livelihood, unemployment and relative isolation are at the root of alienation and conflict. The book is useful addition to the available literature on the dimensions of insurgency and social dynamics on the State.”

Shri Rajani Ranjan Rashmi, IAS, Former Chief Secretary of Manipur


“Brig, S.K. Sharma, YSM, is a hands-on soldier with years of experience in Northeast India, especially Manipur. Reading his book has been a very educative experience. It is most relevant in today’s context where the idea of sub-nationalism, ethnic identity, perceived deprivation, relative and reverse discrimination of all kinds are  taking a toll on the stage of affairs of the State. His analysis of the problem and suggested remedial measures will prove to be a valuable tool for those at the helm of affairs in addressing the problem. This book is most certainly worth reading by all those who care for the State.”

Lieutenant General Dr Konsam Himalay Singh, PVSM, UYSM, AVSM, YMS (Retd)


“It is a truism that a non-native will write on diverse subjects which a native will neglect because of familiarity with the subjects. This book of Brig. S.K. Sharma should be viewed from the lens of an alternate discourse. Because of his many tenures in Manipur, he is attuned to the finer nuances of the life and conditions of the people of Manipur, the book is a veritable kaleidoscope of myriad facets of Manipur.”

Mrs Irene Salam, Retired Professor and HOD History, Manipur University


“A deep soul-searching research which will compel all policymakers, scholars and students of the history, culture and traditions of Northeast India to sit up and take notice of issues plaguing the lives of the people in Manipur. It provides an insight into the root cause of various complexities and explores the required tool for a way forward.”

Shri Haokholet Kipgen, Former Cabinet Minister, Government of Manipur, National Vice President, BJP Schedule Tribe Morcha


The focus of this book is Manipur, a beautiful State in Northeast India sharing a common international border with Myanmar. She is described as ‘The Land of Jewels’. She boasts of an ancient civilization and a recorded history dating from 33 AD. There are different indigenous community groups inhabiting the State who lived in peaceful harmony for hundreds of years. However, today there are  myriad problems to be resolved in Manipur - the most important being the necessity to immediately bridge the divide by and large along ethnic lines, between people settled in the hills and those settled in the valley of Manipur.

The book has eleven chapters covering complex issues in Manipur like socio-economic roots and their linkages with history, factors sustaining the ethnic divide and areas of potential intervention for harmonization, development disparities, complex land rights, illegal taxation and extortion by the militants, the Naga Peace Accord and its connection with Manipur and some other contemporary issues. Although there is no easy solution, various strategies have been suggested by the author to enable Manipur to achieve harmonious coexistence which will lead to its speedy development.

Though there are several books written on individual issues confronting Manipur today, this book makes an endeavour for overarching analysis of the ground realities affecting the lives of the people living in this State. The core feelings, emotions and aspirations of the people are reflected in various surveys that have been conducted by the author. On the basis of these, an attempt has been made to suggest certain remedial measures which may help in resolving the issues plaguing the State. The ultimate wish of all is for this gem in the Northeast to slowly yet surely evolve into a calm and settled zone of tranquillity.





List of Abbreviations

List of Tables, Maps and Figures

Chapter 1. Theories of Conflict and Genesis of Insurgencies in Manipur

Chapter 2. Contemporary Socio-economy in Manipur

Chapter 3. Ethnic Conflict and Harmonisation

Chapter 4. The Complexities of Tribal Land Rights: Issues and Recommendations

Chapter 5. Non-inclusive Development and Insurgency: A Reality Check of Tamenglong District and Strategy for Development

Chapter 6. Taxation and Extortion: The Major Source of Militant Economy in Northeast India

Chapter 7. Educated Unemployment and its Linkage to Insurgency

Chapter 8. The Naga Peace Accord: Manipur Connections

Chapter 9. The Kuki and Meitei Insurgencies in Manipur and their Connections with ‘The Naga Peace Accord’

Chapter 10. How Nagas Perceive the Creation of Seven Additional Districts in Manipur

Chapter 11. Emerging Dynamics and the Way Forward


APPENDIX A: Questionnaire for Field Survey

APPENDIX B: Questionnaire for Interview

APPENDIX C: Tribe-wise Response

APPENDIX D: Comparative Analysis of Views of Intellectuals During Interviews

APPENDIX E: Comparative Analysis of Opinion of Militants of Different Ethnic Groups


Selected Notes

Selected Bibliography


About the Author:

Brigadier Sushil Kumar Sharma, YSM, Ph.D., was commissioned into the Indian Army in June 1985. An alumnus of the Army Cadet College Wing and Indian Military Academy, Dehradun, he graduated from the Defence Services Staff College, Wellington, and has attended the prestigious Higher Defence Management Course at Secunderabad. The officer has served in two UN Mission assignments at Cambodia and Lebanon. He has also attended two security-related courses in USA and Russia. Presently posted as DIGP, CRPF in Imphal Range in Manipur, he is one of the few officers of the Indian Army who also has the experience of service with the Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF). He has a wide-ranging experience in varied Command, Staff and Instructional appointments. He has commanded an Infantry Battalion in a high altitude area in Sikkim and a mountain brigade in Manipur where he was awarded the ‘Yudh Seva Medal’. He has also been the Deputy General Officer Commanding of a Mountain Division in Assam. He has been awarded a Ph.D. from IGNOU for his study on Northeast India. He has been writing on Northeast India for Vivekananda International Foundation (VIF), Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses (IDSA) and Centre for Land Warfare Studies (CLAWS).

Target Audience:

Useful for policymakers, scholars and students of the history, culture and traditions of Northeast India to sit up and take notice of issues plaguing the lives of the people in Manipur.


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