**Description:**

Intended
for graduate-level introductory courses in nuclear physics and radiation
interaction, *Atoms, Nuclei, and Interactions of Ionizing Radiation with
Matter *gives students the foundation needed to study specialized subjects
such as nuclear reactor physics, radiation transport methods, radiation
detection, and radiation dosimetry.

The
text discusses the modern physics relevant to radiation interaction beginning
with a condensed examination of nuclear physics and radioactive decay. There is
an examination of nuclear reaction kinematics and how the different types of
radiation engage in various types of nuclear or atomic interactions with
matter. The interaction probability is discussed in term of “cross section.”
Both classical mechanics and wave mechanics are used to derive the cross
section formulas. Specific examples are given when classical mechanics breaks
down and quantum mechanics prevails.

Extensively
class-tested, the material in *Atoms, Nuclei, and Interactions of Ionizing
Radiation with Matter *successfully links three closely-related subjects so
that they can be taught in a succinct, one-semester course. The book is
intended to serve as the primary text for entry-level radiation physics courses
for students majoring in nuclear engineering, health physics, or medical
physics.

**Contents:**

**Preface **

**Chapter 1: Basic
Concepts and Definitions** •
What Is Ionizing Radiation? • Dimensions, Forces of Nature, And Structure of
Matter • Particle–Wave Duality and the Uncertainty Principle • Relativistic
Relationships of Energy, Momentum, and Mass • Mass, Binding Energy, and
Antiparticles • Cross Section and Mean Free Path • Radiation Quantities •
Rutherford Scattering of Alpha Particles • Wave Behavior of Electrons •
Bibliography • Credits • Problems

**Chapter 2: Structure
of Atoms And Characteristic X-Rays**
• Earlier Models of an Atom • Magnetic Moment of an Orbiting Electron •
Hypothesis of Electron Spin • Spin-Orbit Interaction And Energy States of a
Hydrogen Atom • Pauli’s Exclusion Principle and the Distribution of Electrons
in an Atom • Origin of Characteristic X Rays • Bibliography • Problems

**Chapter 3: Basic
Concepts of Quantum Mechanics** •
Wave Functions, Expectation Values, and Quantum Mechanical Operators • The
Schrödinger Equation • Particle Current Density • Particle Traveling Against a
Positive Potential • *Step Potential, E > V*_{o} • Step-Potential,
E < V_{o }• Barrier Potential, E > V_{o} • Barrier
Potential,

E < V_{o} • Infinite Square-Well Potential • Finite Square-Well
Potential, E < V_{o} • Infinite Spherical Well • Quantum Theory of
Angular Momentum • Spin and Parity •* Spin • Parity *• Transitions between
States • Wave-Mechanical Description of Scattering • *Born Approximation •
Partial-Wave Analysis Method* • Bibliography • Problems

**Chapter 4: Properties
and Structure of Atomic Nuclei **•
Size and Components of Atomic Nuclei • The Strong Nuclear Force • The Chart of
Nuclides • Nuclear Binding Energy and the Semi-Empirical Mass Formula • Nucleon
Distribution in Atomic Nuclei • Nuclear Spin, Magnetic Moment, and Parity •
Nuclear Electric Quadrupole Moment • Shell Model of the Nucleus • Spin and
Parity of Spherical Nuclei • Collective States of The Nucleus • *Vibrational
States • Rotational States *• Bibliography • Credits • Problems

**Chapter 5: Unstable
Nuclei, Radioactivity, Radioactive Decay Modes and Schemes, and Radioactive
Decay And Buildup** • Origins of
Unstable Nuclei • Radioactivity • Radioactive Decay Modes •* Alpha Decay •
Beta Decays and Electron Capture • Gamma Decay and Internal Conversion •
Spontaneous Fission • Decay via Neutron Emission* • Radioactive Decay
Schemes • Radioactive Decay Chains • Bibliography • Credits • Problems

**Chapter 6: Theories
of the Various Radioactive Decay Modes** • Theory of Decay • *Semi-Classical Theory of Alpha
Decay • Angular Momentum and Parity In a Decay • Effect of Angular Momentum On a
Decay Constant • Alpha Decay of Odd-A Nuclides *• Theory of a Decay and
Electron Capture • *Energy Spectrum of ß Particles • Allowed Transitions and
Forbidden Transitions • The Fermi-Kurie Plot • Theory of Electron Capture* •
Theory of Gamma Decay And Internal Conversion • *Theory of Gamma Decay •
Theory of Internal Conversion* • Theory of Spontaneous Fission •
Bibliography • Credits • Problems

**Chapter 7: Nuclear
Reactions and Kinematics** •
Types of Nuclear Reactions • *Direct Reactions • Compound-Nucleus Reactions •
*Conservation Laws of Nuclear Reactions • Kinematics of Nuclear Reactions •
Neutron-Induced Fission Reactions • *Theory • Energy Release In Nuclear
Fissions • Prompt and Delayed Neutrons *• Nuclear Fusion Reactions •
Bibliography • Credits • Problems

**Chapter 8:
Interactions of Neutrons with Matter** • Various Types of Neutron Interactions •
Characteristics of Neutron Cross Sections • Partial-Wave Analysis on Total
Neutron Cross Sections • Partial-Wave Analysis on Elastic Neutron Scattering
Cross Sections • Partial-Wave Analysis on Non-Elastic Neutron Interaction Cross
Sections • Resonance Cross Sections via Compound Nucleus Formation • *Asymmetry
In The Vicinity of a Resonance *• *The 1/ ? Behavior of s*_{ne} •
The Doppler Effect of (N,?) Resonance Broadening • Inelastic Scattering and
(N, 2n) Reactions • The Neutron Cross Section Data • Bibliography • Credits •
Problems

**Chapter 9:
Interactions of Charged Particles with Matter** • Semi-Classical Theory of Inelastic Collision
between a Charged Particle and Atomic Electrons • Quantum Mechanical Treatment
of Inelastic Collision Between a Charged Particle and Atomic Electrons • Energy
Loss of Charged Particles via Bremsstrahlung • *Radiative Stopping Power •
Radiation Yield • Photon Spectrum from X Ray Machines* • Range Of Charged
Particles • Characteristics of Charged Particle Tracks • Bibliography • Credits
• Problems

**Chapter 10:
Interactions of Gamma Photons With Matter **• Photoelectric Effect • Compton Scattering • *Kinematics
of Compton Scattering • The Klein-Nishina Cross Section *• Pair Production •
The Gamma-Ray Attenuation Coefficients • Absorbed Dose, Kerma, Energy Transfer
and Energy Absorption Coefficients • Characteristic X Ray And Auger Emission •
Bibliography • Credits • Problems

**Chapter 11:
Applications of Ionizing Radiation**
• Nuclear Fission Reactor-Based Systems • *Thermal Reactors • Design Concerns
of a Thermal Reactor* • Radioisotope Power Systems • Radiation-Based Medical
Imaging Modalities •* Transmission X-Ray Imaging • Nuclear Medicine Imaging *•
Radiation Therapy for Cancer Treatment • *External Beam Radiation Therapy •
Internal Radiation Therapy (Or Brachytherapy) *• Radiation Protection and
Safety • Professional Society Websites • Bibliography • Credits

**Appendix A: Physical
Constants, Particle Rest Masses, and Conversion Factors** • Physical Constants • Particle Rest Masses •
Conversion Factors

**Appendix B: Nuclear
Data **• Explanation of the
Table • Credits

**Index**

**About the Author:**

**C-K Chris Wang,** who earned his Ph.D. at
Ohio State University, is a professor of nuclear engineering and medical
physics at Georgia Tech in Atlanta. Dr. Wang has published extensively in
neutron dosimetry, detection, spectrometry, and radiobiological modeling. His
other areas of expertise include nuclear physics, radiation interaction, Monte
Carlo methods in radiation transport, radiation protection and shielding,
nuclear criticality safety, micro/nanodosimetry, and high-LET radiotherapy.

**Target Audience:**

The
book is intended to serve as the primary text for entry-level radiation physics
courses for students majoring in nuclear engineering, health physics, or
medical physics.