Title Atoms, Nuclei, & Interactions of Ionizing Radiation with Matter
Subtitle
Author C-K Chris Wang
ISBN 9781516514397
List price USD 149.95
Price outside India Available on Request
Original price
Binding Paperback
No of pages 400
Book size 216 x 279 mm
Publishing year 2018
Original publisher Cognella Academic Publishing (Eurospan Group)
Published in India by .
Exclusive distributors Viva Books Private Limited
Sales territory India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Nepal, .
Status New Arrival
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Description:

Intended for graduate-level introductory courses in nuclear physics and radiation interaction, Atoms, Nuclei, and Interactions of Ionizing Radiation with Matter gives students the foundation needed to study specialized subjects such as nuclear reactor physics, radiation transport methods, radiation detection, and radiation dosimetry.

The text discusses the modern physics relevant to radiation interaction beginning with a condensed examination of nuclear physics and radioactive decay. There is an examination of nuclear reaction kinematics and how the different types of radiation engage in various types of nuclear or atomic interactions with matter. The interaction probability is discussed in term of “cross section.” Both classical mechanics and wave mechanics are used to derive the cross section formulas. Specific examples are given when classical mechanics breaks down and quantum mechanics prevails.

Extensively class-tested, the material in Atoms, Nuclei, and Interactions of Ionizing Radiation with Matter successfully links three closely-related subjects so that they can be taught in a succinct, one-semester course. The book is intended to serve as the primary text for entry-level radiation physics courses for students majoring in nuclear engineering, health physics, or medical physics.

 

Contents:

Preface

Chapter 1: Basic Concepts and Definitions • What Is Ionizing Radiation? • Dimensions, Forces of Nature, And Structure of Matter • Particle–Wave Duality and the Uncertainty Principle • Relativistic Relationships of Energy, Momentum, and Mass • Mass, Binding Energy, and Antiparticles • Cross Section and Mean Free Path • Radiation Quantities • Rutherford Scattering of Alpha Particles • Wave Behavior of Electrons • Bibliography • Credits • Problems

Chapter 2: Structure of Atoms And Characteristic X-Rays • Earlier Models of an Atom • Magnetic Moment of an Orbiting Electron • Hypothesis of Electron Spin • Spin-Orbit Interaction And Energy States of a Hydrogen Atom • Pauli’s Exclusion Principle and the Distribution of Electrons in an Atom • Origin of Characteristic X Rays • Bibliography • Problems

Chapter 3: Basic Concepts of Quantum Mechanics • Wave Functions, Expectation Values, and Quantum Mechanical Operators • The Schrödinger Equation • Particle Current Density • Particle Traveling Against a Positive Potential • Step Potential, E > Vo • Step-Potential, E < Vo • Barrier Potential, E > Vo • Barrier Potential,
E < Vo
• Infinite Square-Well Potential • Finite Square-Well Potential, E < Vo • Infinite Spherical Well • Quantum Theory of Angular Momentum • Spin and Parity • Spin • Parity • Transitions between States • Wave-Mechanical Description of Scattering • Born Approximation • Partial-Wave Analysis Method • Bibliography • Problems

Chapter 4: Properties and Structure of Atomic Nuclei • Size and Components of Atomic Nuclei • The Strong Nuclear Force • The Chart of Nuclides • Nuclear Binding Energy and the Semi-Empirical Mass Formula • Nucleon Distribution in Atomic Nuclei • Nuclear Spin, Magnetic Moment, and Parity • Nuclear Electric Quadrupole Moment • Shell Model of the Nucleus • Spin and Parity of Spherical Nuclei • Collective States of The Nucleus • Vibrational States • Rotational States • Bibliography • Credits • Problems

Chapter 5: Unstable Nuclei, Radioactivity, Radioactive Decay Modes and Schemes, and Radioactive Decay And Buildup • Origins of Unstable Nuclei • Radioactivity • Radioactive Decay Modes • Alpha Decay • Beta Decays and Electron Capture • Gamma Decay and Internal Conversion • Spontaneous Fission • Decay via Neutron Emission • Radioactive Decay Schemes • Radioactive Decay Chains • Bibliography • Credits • Problems

Chapter 6: Theories of the Various Radioactive Decay Modes • Theory of Decay • Semi-Classical Theory of Alpha Decay • Angular Momentum and Parity In a Decay • Effect of Angular Momentum On a Decay Constant • Alpha Decay of Odd-A Nuclides • Theory of a Decay and Electron Capture • Energy Spectrum of ß Particles • Allowed Transitions and Forbidden Transitions • The Fermi-Kurie Plot • Theory of Electron Capture • Theory of Gamma Decay And Internal Conversion • Theory of Gamma Decay • Theory of Internal Conversion • Theory of Spontaneous Fission • Bibliography • Credits • Problems

Chapter 7: Nuclear Reactions and Kinematics • Types of Nuclear Reactions • Direct Reactions • Compound-Nucleus Reactions • Conservation Laws of Nuclear Reactions • Kinematics of Nuclear Reactions • Neutron-Induced Fission Reactions • Theory • Energy Release In Nuclear Fissions • Prompt and Delayed Neutrons • Nuclear Fusion Reactions • Bibliography • Credits • Problems

Chapter 8: Interactions of Neutrons with Matter • Various Types of Neutron Interactions • Characteristics of Neutron Cross Sections • Partial-Wave Analysis on Total Neutron Cross Sections • Partial-Wave Analysis on Elastic Neutron Scattering Cross Sections • Partial-Wave Analysis on Non-Elastic Neutron Interaction Cross Sections • Resonance Cross Sections via Compound Nucleus Formation • Asymmetry In The Vicinity of a Resonance The 1/ ? Behavior of sne • The Doppler Effect of (N,?) Resonance Broadening • Inelastic Scattering and (N, 2n) Reactions • The Neutron Cross Section Data • Bibliography • Credits • Problems

Chapter 9: Interactions of Charged Particles with Matter • Semi-Classical Theory of Inelastic Collision between a Charged Particle and Atomic Electrons • Quantum Mechanical Treatment of Inelastic Collision Between a Charged Particle and Atomic Electrons • Energy Loss of Charged Particles via Bremsstrahlung • Radiative Stopping Power • Radiation Yield • Photon Spectrum from X Ray Machines • Range Of Charged Particles • Characteristics of Charged Particle Tracks • Bibliography • Credits • Problems

Chapter 10: Interactions of Gamma Photons With Matter • Photoelectric Effect • Compton Scattering • Kinematics of Compton Scattering • The Klein-Nishina Cross Section • Pair Production • The Gamma-Ray Attenuation Coefficients • Absorbed Dose, Kerma, Energy Transfer and Energy Absorption Coefficients • Characteristic X Ray And Auger Emission • Bibliography • Credits • Problems

Chapter 11: Applications of Ionizing Radiation • Nuclear Fission Reactor-Based Systems • Thermal Reactors • Design Concerns of a Thermal Reactor • Radioisotope Power Systems • Radiation-Based Medical Imaging Modalities • Transmission X-Ray Imaging • Nuclear Medicine Imaging • Radiation Therapy for Cancer Treatment • External Beam Radiation Therapy • Internal Radiation Therapy (Or Brachytherapy) • Radiation Protection and Safety • Professional Society Websites • Bibliography • Credits

Appendix A: Physical Constants, Particle Rest Masses, and Conversion Factors • Physical Constants • Particle Rest Masses • Conversion Factors

Appendix B: Nuclear Data • Explanation of the Table • Credits

Index


About the Author:

C-K Chris Wang, who earned his Ph.D. at Ohio State University, is a professor of nuclear engineering and medical physics at Georgia Tech in Atlanta. Dr. Wang has published extensively in neutron dosimetry, detection, spectrometry, and radiobiological modeling. His other areas of expertise include nuclear physics, radiation interaction, Monte Carlo methods in radiation transport, radiation protection and shielding, nuclear criticality safety, micro/nanodosimetry, and high-LET radiotherapy.


Target Audience:

The book is intended to serve as the primary text for entry-level radiation physics courses for students majoring in nuclear engineering, health physics, or medical physics.

 

 
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