Title The Norton Anthology of Western Philosophy: After Kant (Two Volume Set)
Subtitle Volume 1: The Interpretive Tradition, Volume 2: The Analytic Tradition
Author Richard Schacht, James Conant, Jay R. Elliott
ISBN 9780393929072
List price USD 100.00
Price outside India Available on Request
Original price
Binding Paperback
No of pages 3900
Book size 159 x 235 mm
Publishing year 2017
Original publisher W. W. Norton & Company
Published in India by .
Exclusive distributors Viva Books Private Limited
Sales territory India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Nepal, .
Status New Arrival
About the book


“The two volumes of The Norton Anthology of Western Philosophy: After Kant combine the two central virtues for such a major project: they are edited by leading specialists in their fields and, accordingly, they contain the most important and pathbreaking texts from both the analytic and the interpretive tradition. What is more, their General Introductions shed substantial philosophical light on the distinctions at play when looking at the two major traditions of philosophy after Kant. The approach laid out in them is highly innovative and absolutely corresponds to the state of the art. The two volumes are indispensable for any student and professor of philosophy.”

— Markus Gabriel, Bonn University (Germany)


The new standard anthology of nineteenth and twentieth century philosophy.

The Norton Anthology of Western Philosophy: After Kant provides a comprehensive introduction to the predominantly European (“Continental”) interpretive tradition of philosophy after Kant in one volume, and to the now predominantly Anglo-American analytic tradition in the other. It features the extensive editorial apparatus for which Norton Anthologies have been known and trusted by professors and students alike for more than 50 years. Ideal for courses at all levels in the history of philosophy after Kant, these volumes belong on every philosopher’s (and philosophy student’s) bookshelf.


Volume 1: The Interpretive Tradition







Immanuel Kant (1724–1804) • “What is Enlightenment?” (Translated by Lewis White Beck)From Critique of Pure Reason, Preface (Translated by Norman Kemp Smith)From Critique of Practical Reason, Conclusion (Translated by Lewis White Beck)





Friedrich Schiller (1759–1805) • From On the Aesthetic Education of Man


Johann Gottlieb Fichte (1762–1814) • From Science of Knowledge (Translated by Peter Heath and
John Lachs)
From Vocation of Man (Translated by William Smith)


Friedrich Schelling (1775–1854) • From Ideas for a Philosophy of Nature (Translated by Errol E. Harris and Peter Heath) From Of Human Freedom (Translated by James Gutmann)


Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (1770–1831) • Introductions • On Philosophy: From The Encyclopedia of Philosophical [Wissenschaften] (Translated by William Wallace) • On Philosophy and “Phenomenology”: From Phenomenology of [Geist] (Translated by J. B. Baillie) • On Philosophical “Logic”: From The [Wissenschaft] of Logic (Encyclopedia, part 1) (Translated by William Wallace) • On Nature: From Philosophy of Nature (Encyclopedia, part 2) (Translated by A. V. Miller) • On the History of Philosophy: From Lectures on the History of Philosophy (Translated by E. S. Haldane) • On History and Geist: From Lectures on the Philosophy of History (Translated by J. Sibree) • On Geist: From Philosophy of [Geist] (Encyclopedia, part 3) (Translated by William Wallace and A. V. Miller) • Subjective Geist • On Subjective (and Intersubjective) Geist: From Philosophy of [Geist] (Translated by William Wallace and A. V. Miller) • On Consciousness and Self-Consciousness: From Phenomenology of [Geist] (Translated by J. B. Baillie) • Objective Geist • On Objective Geist: From Philosophy of [Geist] (Translated by William Wallace) • On Geist Proper: From Phenomenology of [Geist] (Translated by J. B. Baillie) • On Right (Recht): From The Philosophy of Right (Translated by S. W. Dyde) • Absolute Geist • On Absolute Geist: From Philosophy of [Geist] (Translated by William Wallace) • On Art: From Lectures on the Philosophy of Fine Art (Translated by
Bernard Bosanquet)
• On Religion: From Lectures on the Philosophy of Religion (Translated by E. B. Speirs and J. Burdon Sanderson) • On Absolute Knowledge: From Phenomenology of [Geist] (Translated by J. B. Baillie)


Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803–1882) • From “The American Scholar” • From “The Divinity School Address” • From “The Transcendentalist” • From “Self-Reliance” • From “The Oversoul”


Søren Kierkegaard (1813–1855) • “The Unchangeableness of God” (Translated by Walter Lowrie) From Fear and Trembling (Translated by Robert Payne) From Concluding Unscientific Postscript (Translated by David F. Swenson and Walter Lowrie) From The Sickness Unto Death (Translated by Walter Lowrie)





Ludwig Feuerbach (1804–1872) • From The Essence of Christianity (Translated by Marian Evans)From Principles of the Philosophy of the Future (Translated by Zawar Hanfi)


Karl Marx (1818–1883) and Friedrich Engels (1820–1895) • “Theses on Feuerbach” • From 1844 Notes and Manuscripts (Translated by Martin Milligan)From The German Ideology, Part One (Translated by S. Ryazanskaya, based on an earlier translation by W. Lough)From Communist Manifesto (Translated by Samuel Moore, with Friedrich Engels)From Capital, Volume Three, Introduction (Translation published by International Publishers)From “Critique of the Gotha Program” (Translation published by Progress Publishers)


Mary Wollstonecraft (1759-1797) • From A Vindication of the Rights of Woman • Introduction • From I. The Rights and Involved Duties of Mankind Considered • From II and III. The Prevailing Opinion of a Sexual Character Discussed • From XIII. Concluding Reflections


John Stuart Mill (1806–1873) • From On Liberty, “Of Individuality” • From Utilitarianism • From The Subjection of Women


Arthur Schopenhauer (1788–1860) • From “Additional Remarks on the Doctrine of the Nullity of Existence” (Translated by Thomas Bailey Saunders)From “Additional Remarks on the Doctrine of the Suffering of the World” (Translated by Thomas Bailey Saunders) From The World as Will and Representation (Translated by R. B. Haldane and J. Kemp)


Friedrich Nietzsche (1844–1900) • From The Birth of Tragedy (Translated by Shaun Whiteside)From “On Truth and Lie in a Nonmoral Sense” (Translated by Daniel Breazeale)From Schopenhauer as Educator (Translated by R. J. Hollingdale)From The Gay Science, Books I-IV (Translated by
Josefine Nauckhoff)
From Thus Spoke Zarathustra (Translated by Walter Kaufmann)From Beyond Good and Evil (Translated by Walter Kaufmann and
R. J. Hollingdale)
From The Gay Science, Book V (Translated by Walter Kaufmann)From On the Genealogy of Morals (Translated by Douglas Smith)From Twilight of the Idols (Translated by Duncan Large)From Notebooks of 1883–1888 (Translated by Richard Schacht)


Henri-Louis Bergson (1859–1941) • From Creative Evolution (Translated by Arthur Mitchell)


Wilhelm Dilthey (1833–1911) • From The Construction of the Historical World (Translated by H. P. Rickman)






Edmund Husserl (1859–1938) • From “Philosophy as Rigorous [Wissenschaft]” (Translated by Quentin Lauer)From Ideas: General Introduction to Pure Phenomenology (Translated by W. R. Boyce Gibson)From Cartesian Meditations: An Introduction to Phenomenology (Translated by Dorian Cairns)From “Philosophy and the Crisis of European Man” (Translated by Quentin Lauer)


Martin Heidegger (1889–1976) • From Being and Time (Translated by Joan Stambaugh)From “Letter on Humanism” (Translated by Edgar Lohner) • “Building Dwelling Thinking” (Translated by Albert Hofstadter) • “The End of Philosophy and the Task of Thinking” (Translated by Joan Stambaugh)


Karl Jaspers (1883–1969) • From The Elucidation of Existenz (Translated by E. B. Ashton)


Martin Buber (1878–1965) • From I and Thou (Translated by Walter Kaufmann)


Simone Weil (1909–1943) • “Human Personality” (Translated by Richard Rees)


Emmanuel Lévinas (1906–1995) • From Totality and Infinity (Translated by Alphonso Lingis)


Jean-Paul Sartre (1905–1980) • “Existentialism is a Humanism” (Translated by Bernard Frechtman)From Being and Nothingness: An Essay on Phenomenological Ontology (Translated by Hazel E. Barnes)From Search for a Method (Translated by Hazel E. Barnes)From Critique of Dialectical Reason (Translated by Alan Sheridan-Smith)


Maurice Merleau-Ponty (1908–1961) • From The Structure of Behavior (Translated by Alden L. Fisher)From Phenomenology of Perception (Translated by Colin Smith)






Max Scheler (1874–1928) • From Formalism in Ethics and Substantive Value-Ethics (Translated by Manfred S. Frings and Roger L. Funk)From Man’s Place in Nature (Translated by Hans Meyerhoff)


Arnold Gehlen (1904–1976) • From Man: His Nature and Place in the World (Translated by Clare McMillan and Karl Pillemer)


Helmuth Plessner (1892–1985) • From Laughing and Crying: A Study of the Limits of Human Behavior (Translated by James Spencer Churchill and
Marjorie Grene)


Ernst Cassirer (1874–1945) • From An Essay on Man


Michel Foucault (1926–1984) • From The Order of Things (Translated by Alan Sheridan-Smith) • “Orders of Discourse” (Translated by Rupert Swyer) • Power, Right, Truth (Translated by Kate Soper) Jacques Derrida (1930–2004) • From Différance (Translated by Alan Bass)From “Structure, Sign and Play in the Discourse of the Human Sciences” (Translated by Alan Bass)


Jean-François Lyotard (1924–1998) • From The Postmodern Condition: A Report on Knowledge (Translated by Geoff Bennington and Brian Massumi)


Gilles Deleuze (1925–1994) and Félix Guattari (1930–1992) • From What Is Philosophy? (Translated by Hugh Tomilson and Graham Burchell)


W. E. B. Du Bois (1868-1963) • “Sociology Hesitant” • “The Conservation of Races” • From The Souls of Black Folk, “Of Our Spiritual Strivings” • From Dusk of Dawn • From I. The Plot • From V. The Concept of Race • From Darkwater • From VI. Of the Ruling of Men


Frantz Fanon (1925-1961) • From Black Skin, White Masks • Introduction • From One. The Black Man and Language • From Five. The Lived Experience of the Black Man • From Seven (B). The Black Man and Hegel • Eight. By Way of Conclusion (Translated by Richard Philcox) • The Wretched of the Earth • From One. On Violence • From Conclusion (Translated by Richard Philcox)


Simone de Beauvoir (1908–1986) • From The Second Sex • From Introduction’ • From “Myths” (Translated by Constance Borde and
Sheila Malovany-Chevallier)


Judith Butler (b. 1956) • From Gender Trouble  “Subjects of Sex/Gender/Desire”


Martha Nussbaum (b. 1947) • From Creating Capabilities: The Human Development Approach “The Central Capabilities” • From Sex and Social Justice • From Introduction: “A Conception of Feminism”  “Transitional Anger”


Hannah Arendt (1906–1975) • From The Human Condition


Jürgen Habermas (b. 1929) • From Knowledge and Human Interests: A General Perspective (Translated by Jeremy J. Shapiro)From The Theory of Communicative Action (Translated by Thomas McCarthy)


Hans-Georg Gadamer (1900–2002) • From “On the Scope and Function of Hermeneutical Reflection” (Translated by G. B. Hess and R. E. Palmer)From Truth and Method (Translated by Joel Weinsheimer and Donald G. Marshall)


Paul Ricoeur (1913–2005) • “The Model of the Text: Meaningful Action Considered as a Text” (Translated by John B. Thompson)


Charles Taylor (b. 1931) • From Human Agency and Language “Self-Interpreting Animals”


Epilogue • Michel Foucault (1926–1984) • From “What is Enlightenment?” (Translated by Catherine Porter)








Permissions Acknowledgments




Volume 2: The Analytic Tradition













Immanuel Kant (1724–1804) • From Critique of Pure Reason, Logic in General and Transcendental Logic (Translated by Norman Kemp Smith) • From Prolegomena to Any Future Metaphysics, Analytical and Synthetical Judgments (Translated by Lewis White Beck) • From Logic, “The Concept of Logic” (Translated by Robert S. Harman and Wolfgang Schwarz) • From Logic, “Analytic and Synthetic Propositions” (Translated by Robert S. Harman and Wolfgang Schwarz)


John Stuart Mill (1806–1873) • From A System of Logic, Induction and Necessary Truths • From An Examination of Sir William Hamilton’s Philosophy,”The Psychological Theory of Matter: How Far Applicable to Mind”


Ernst Mach (1838–1916) • From The Analysis of Sensations, “Antimetaphysical Remarks” (Translated by C. M. Williams)


Frances Herbert Bradley (1846–1924) • From “Reality and Thought”


Franz Brentano (1838–1917) • From Psychology from an Empirical Standpoint, Mental and Physical Phenomena


Alexius Meinong (1853–1920) • From On Assumptions (Translated by James Heanue)


Henry Sidgwick (1838–1900) • From The Methods of Ethics, “Ethical Judgments”


W. K. Clifford (1845–1879) • From “The Ethics of Belief”







Gottlob Frege (1848–1925) • From Begriffsschrift • Selections from The Foundations of Arithmetic (Translated by J. L. Austin) • “Function and Concept” • “On Concept and Object” • “On Sense and Reference” • From Basic Laws of Arithmetic (Translated by Montgomery Furth) • “The Thought” (Translated by Peter Geach and R. H. Stoothoff)


G. E. Moore (1873–1958) • From “The Nature of Judgment” • From Principia Ethica, The Subject-Matter of Ethics • From Principia Ethica, The Ideal • From “A Defence of Common Sense” • From “Proof of an External World” • From “Letter to Malcolm”


Bertrand Russell (1872–1970) • From Principles of Mathematics • “On Denoting” • From The Problems of Philosophy • “Logic as the Essence of Philosophy” • “Facts and Propositions” • “On Scientific Method in Philosophy” • From “Pragmatism”


Ludwig Wittgenstein (1889–1951) • “Lecture on Ethics” • “Philosophy” (Translated by C. G. Luckhardt and M. A. Aue) • From Philosophical Investigations (Translated by G. E. M. Anscombe) • From On Certainty


F. P. Ramsey (1903–1930) • “Universals” • “Truth and Probability” (excerpt) • “Philosophy” • “The Nature of Truth”


H. A. Prichard (1871–1947) • “Does Moral Philosophy Rest on a Mistake?”


W. D. Ross (1877–1971) • From The Right and the Good: “The Meaning of ‘Right’”







C. S. Peirce (1839–1914) • “Questions Concerning Certain Faculties Claimed for Man” • “The Fixation of Belief” (excerpt) • “How to Make Our Ideas Clear”


William James (1842–1910) • From “The Will to Believe” • From Pragmatism • From The Meaning of Truth


John Dewey (1859–1952) • “The Experimental Theory of Knowledge” • From Experience and Nature: Experience and Philosophic Method


C. I. Lewis (1883–1964) • From Mind and the World Order: “The Given Element in Experience”







Hans Reichenbach (1891–1953) • “Two Meanings of A Priori” • “On the Justification of Induction”


Otto Neurath (1882–1945) • “The Scientific World Conception” (excerpt) • “Protocol Statements”


Moritz Schlick (1882–1936) • “The Turning Point in Philosophy” • “Form and Content: The Nature of Knowledge” (excerpt)


Rudolf Carnap (1891–1970) • From Pseudo-Problems in Philosophy: “The Realism Controversy” • (Translated by Rolf A. George) • “The Elimination of Metaphysics through Logical Analysis of Language” • “Empiricism, Semantics, and Ontology” • “Meaning and Synonymy in Natural Languages” • “W. V. Quine on Logical Truth”


Friedrich Waismann (1896–1959) • “Verifiability” (excerpt)


Carl Hempel (1905–1997) • “The Logical Analysis of Psychology” • “Problems and Changes in the Empiricist Criterion of Meaning”


Alfred Tarski (1901–1983) • “The Semantic Conception of Truth” (excerpt)


Karl Popper (1902–1994) • From The Logic of Scientific Discovery: “A Survey of Some Fundamental Problems”


Alfred Jules Ayer (1910–1989) • From Language, Truth, and Logic: “Critique of Ethics”


Charles Leslie Stevenson (1908–1979) • From “The Emotive Meaning of Ethical Terms”







Gilbert Ryle (1900–1976) • “Knowing How and Knowing That” (excerpt) • From The Concept of Mind: “Descartes’ Myth” (11-24); “Psychology” (319-330)


W. V. Quine (1908–2000) • “Two Dogmas of Empiricism” • From Word and Object • “Carnap and Logical Truth” • “Epistemology Naturalized”


Nelson Goodman (1906–1998) • From Fact, Fiction, and Forecast: “The New Riddle of Induction”


Wilfrid Sellars (1912–1989) • From “Empiricism and the Philosophy of Mind” • From the Chisholm-Sellars Correspondence on Intentionality


J. L. Austin (1911–1960) • “Other Minds” (excerpt) • From Sense and Sensibilia: Lectures I and II • From How to Do Things with Words: Lectures I and II


P. F. Strawson (1919–2006) • “On Referring” • From “Freedom and Resentment”


H. P. Grice (1913–1988) • “In Defense of a Dogma” • “Meaning” • From “Logic and Conversation”


P. T. Geach (b. 1916) • From “Good and Evil” • From Mental Acts • “Ascriptivism”


Roderick Chisholm (1916–1999) • From Theory of Knowledge: “Skepticism and ‘Psychologism’”


Michael Dummett (1925–2011) • From “Truth” • From Frege: Philosophy of Language


G. E. M. Anscombe (1919–2001) • From Intention • From “Modern Moral Philosophy” • From “The First Person”






R. M. Hare (1919–2002) • From The Language of Morals


H. L. A. Hart (1907–1992) • From “Positivism and the Separation of Law and Morals”


John Rawls (1921–2002) • From “Two Concepts of Rules” • From A Theory of Justice: Justice as Fairness


Philippa Foot (1920–2010) • “Moral Beliefs”


Iris Murdoch (1919–1999) • From “Vision and Choice in Morality”


Ronald M. Dworkin (1931–2013) • From “The Model of Rules”


Alasdair MacIntyre (b. 1929) • From After Virtue: Moral Disagreement Today and the Claims of Emotivism


J. L. Mackie (1917–1981) • From Ethics: Inventing Right and Wrong: “The Subjectivity of Values”


J. J. C. Smart (1920–2012) • From Utilitarianism: For and Against


B. A. O. Williams (1929–2003) • From Utilitarianism: For and Against • “The Truth in Relativism” • “Moral Luck”






Noam Chomsky (b. 1928) • “Review of B. F. Skinner, Verbal Behavior” • From Cartesian Linguistics


Thomas S. Kuhn (1922–1996) • “What are Scientific Revolutions?” • “Commensurability, Comparability, and Communicability”


Hilary Putnam (b. 1926) • “It Ain’t Necessarily So” • “Reductionism and the Nature of Psychology” • From “The Meaning of ‘Meaning’”


Stanley Cavell (b. 1926) • From “Must We Mean What We Say?” • “Knowing and Acknowledging”


Donald Davidson (1917–2003) • “Actions, Reasons, and Causes” • “Truth and Meaning” • “Mental Events” • “On the Very Idea of a Conceptual Scheme”


Saul Kripke (b. 1940) • From Naming and Necessity • From Wittgenstein on Rules and Private Language


David Lewis (1941–2001) • From On the Plurality of Worlds


Jerry Fodor (b. 1935) • From Psychological Explanation: Ontological Status of Psychological Constructs • “Methodological Solipsism considered as a research strategy in cognitive psychology”


John Searle (b. 1932) • “Minds, Brains, and Programs”


John McDowell (b. 1942) • “Virtue and Reason” • “Meaning and Intentionality in Wittgenstein’s Later Philosophy”


Richard Rorty (1931–2007) • “The World Well Lost” • “Solidarity or Objectivity?”


Amartya Sen (1933-) • Equality of What? • Rights as Goals


Christine M. Korsgaard (1952-) • From The Sources of Normativity • From Self-Constitution: Agency, Identity, and Integrity • Kwame Anthony Appiah (1954-) • “Verificationism and the Manifestations of Meaning” • “How to Decide if Races Exist”


Jennifer Hornsby (1951-) • “Agency and Actions” • “Feminism in Philosophy of Language: Communicative Speech Acts”







Permissions Acknowledgments



About the Editors:

Richard Schacht is General Editor of The Norton Anthology of Western Philosophy and Editor of the first of its two After Kant volumes, The Interpretive Tradition. He is Professor of Philosophy and Jubilee Professor of Liberal Arts and Sciences (Emeritus) at the University of Illinois. His books include Nietzsche (1983); Making Sense of Nietzsche (1995); Hegel and After (1975); Alienation (1970); The Future of Alienation (1994); and Finding an Ending: Reflections on Wagner’s Ring (2004, with Philip Kitcher). He is editor of Nietzsche: Selections (1993); Nietzsche, Genealogy, Morality (1994); and Nietzsche’s Postmoralism (2001).

James Conant is Co-Editor of the second of The Norton Anthology of Western Philosophy’s two After Kant volumes, The Analytic Tradition. He is Chester D. Tripp Professor of Humanities and Professor of Philosophy at the University of Chicago. His books include Nietzsche: Perfektionismus and Perspektivismus (2014), Orwell ou le Pouvoir de la Verité(2012) and (with Cora Diamond) Rileggere Wittgenstein (2010). He has edited two volumes of Hilary Putnam’s papers (Realism with a Human Face, 1992; Words and Life, 1995) and co-edited (with John Haugeland) one volume of Thomas Kuhn’s papers (The Road Since Structure, 2000).

Jay R. Elliott is Co-Editor of the second of The Norton Anthology of Western Philosophy’s two After Kant volumes, The Analytic Tradition. He is Assistant Professor of Philosophy and Classical Studies at Bard College.

Target Audience:

Students and Academicians of Philosophy.


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