Title South Asia’s Hotspots
Subtitle The Impacts of Temperature and Precipitation Changes on Living Standards
Author Muthukumara Mani, Sushenjit Bandyopadhyay, Shun Chonabayashi, Anil Markandya, Thomas Mosier
ISBN 9781464811555
List price USD 35.00
Price outside India Available on Request
Original price
Binding Paperback
No of pages 124
Book size 197 x 267 mm
Publishing year 2018
Original publisher The World Bank
Published in India by .
Exclusive distributors Viva Books Private Limited
Sales territory India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Nepal, .
Status New Arrival
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South Asia is highly vulnerable to climate change. Average temperatures have been rising throughout the region, and rainfall has become more erratic. These changes are projected to continue accruing over the coming decades.

South Asia’s Hotspots: The Impact of Temperature and Precipitation Changes on Living Standards is the first book of its kind to provide granular spatial analysis of the long-term impacts of changes in average temperature and precipitation on one of the world’s poorest regions.

South Asia’s Hotspots finds that higher temperatures and shifting precipitation patterns will reduce living standards in communities across South Asia—locations that the book terms “hotspots.” More than 800 million people in South Asia currently live in communities that are projected to become hotspots under a carbon-intensive climate scenario. Global action to reduce greenhouse gas emissions will reduce the severity of hotspots.

Diverse and robust development is the best overall prescription to help people in hotspots. The book also suggests actions tailored to each country in the region—such as increasing employment in nonagricultural sectors, improving educational attainment, and expanding access to electricity— that would offset the declines in living standards associated with hotspots.

South Asia’s Hotspots complements previous studies detailing the impacts of sea-level rise and extreme events on the people of South Asia. Together, these bodies of work create a sound analytical basis for investing in targeted policies and actions to build climate resilience throughout the region.


The Book at a Glance



About the Authors


Overview • A Vulnerable Region • Climate Change and Living Standards • Climate Modeling and Effects • Hotspots • Toward Greater Resilience • References

Chapter 1: A Vulnerable Region • Progress So Far • A Road Map for Climate-Resilient Development • Note • References

Chapter 2: Increasingly Hot • Highly Diverse Climate • Unambiguous Historic Temperature Increases • Projecting Future Climate • Selecting Appropriate Climate Models • South Asia Continues to Get Hotter • References

Chapter 3: Climate and Living Standards • Accumulated Knowledge • Analytical Framework • Data Sources • Two Methodological Challenges • Control Variable Selection • Absorbed Climate Effects • Temperature Inflection Points • National-Level Empirical Findings • Dealing with Uncertainty • Notes • References

Chapter 4: Mapping Hotspots • What Is a Hotspot? • The Carbon-Intensive Scenario Leads to More Severe Hotspots • Hotspots Tend to Have Less Infrastructure and Services • The Most Vulnerable Households • Country Hotspots • References

Chapter 5: Toward Greater Resilience • Money Worth Spending • Reducing Hotspots in Vulnerable Communities and Vulnerable Households • Policy Agenda • Note • References

Appendix A: Methodology for Policy Cobenefits

Appendix B: Supplementary Tables

Appendix C: Supplementary Maps

Appendix D: Climate Model Selection

Appendix E: Calculating Gross Domestic Product Based on Shared Socioeconomic Pathways and Hotspots Results

About the Authors:

Muthukumara Mani is a Lead Economist in the Office of the Chief Economist of the World Bank’s South Asia Region. He primarily works on climate change mitigation and adaptation and water and environmental issues in the region. Prior to joining the region, he led the Bank’s work on assessing environmental implications of development policy reforms in the Bank’s Environmental and Natural Resources Global Practice. His work also has focused on country environmental assessments, natural resources management, environmental institutions and governance, and trade and climate change issues. Prior to joining the Bank in this position, he was an economist in the Fiscal Affairs Department of the International Monetary Fund, where he was responsible for analyzing environmental implications of macroeconomic policies and programs and in integrating environmental considerations broadly in the IMF’s country programs. Mani has an MA and a PhD in economics from the University of Maryland, College Park.

Sushenjit Bandyopadhyay is an empirical environmental economist with a special interest in linkages between climate change and household welfare. He studied economics in India and the United States. His first research on droughts in India was published in 1992. Since then he has published on a variety of topics, such as the environmental Kuznets curves, overcompliance with water pollution controls, linkages between poverty and natural resource management, and autonomous adaptation to climate change and its effects on household welfare. Sushenjit has worked in the World Bank in various research capacities. He has an MA in economics from Jawaharlal Nehru University in India and a PhD in economics from the University of Maryland, College Park.

Shun Chonabayashi is an environmental economist at the World Bank. He has extensive experience in economic analysis of impacts of climate change and extreme weather events and has carried out many research projects in both developing and developed countries. His special interests include economic modeling, sustainability, climate change, and the poverty-environment nexus. Prior to joining the World Bank, he was a postgraduate fellow at the Yale School of Forestry and Environmental Studies. He received a BA from Soka University and an MA from Yale University and is a PhD candidate at Cornell University.

Anil Markandya has worked in the field of resource and environmental economics for more than 35 years. He was a lead author for the 3rd and 4th Climate Change (which were awarded a share of the Nobel Peace Prize in 2007) as well as for the 5th IPCC Report published in 2014. He has worked extensively as an advisor on climate change adaptation policies in Europe, the United States, and several developing countries. He was President of the European Association of Environmental and Resource Economics from 2014 to 2015. Anil is a Distinguished Ikerbasque Professor at the Basque Centre for Climate Change in the Basque Country, Spain, and a Honorary Professor of Economics at the University of Bath, UK. He has a PhD from the London School of Economics.

Thomas Mosier is a research scientist specializing in climate, energy, and water, with extensive experience in development contexts. At the World Bank, Thomas has blended his background with economics to examine the impacts of climate change on people and water resources in South Asia. Thomas earned a dual-major PhD in water resources engineering and mechanical engineering at Oregon State University. His graduate research investigated the linkages between climate, cryosphere (snow and ice), surface water resources, and hydropower in mountain environments. Before graduate school, Thomas served as a Peace Corps volunteer in Kenya, where he taught high school physics and mathematics. He earned his undergraduate degree from Reed College, where he majored in physics.

Target Audience:

People interested in the climate change, natural disaster and living standards in South Asia.

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