Title Fragility and Conflict
Subtitle On the Front Lines of the Fight Against Poverty
Author Paul Corral, Alexander Irwin, Nandini Krishnan, Daniel Gerszon Mahler, Tara Vishwanath
ISBN 9781464815409
List price USD 39.95
Price outside India Available on Request
Original price
Binding Paperback
No of pages 116
Book size 178 x 254 mm
Publishing year 2020
Original publisher The World Bank
Published in India by .
Exclusive distributors Viva Books Private Limited
Sales territory India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Nepal, .
Status New Arrival
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Fragility and conflict pose a critical threat to the global goal of ending extreme poverty. Between 1990 and 2015, successful development strategies reduced the proportion of the world’s people living in extreme poverty from 36 to 10 percent. But in many fragile and conflict-affected situations (FCS), poverty is stagnating or getting worse.

The number of people living in proximity to conflict has nearly doubled worldwide since 2007. In the Middle East and North Africa, one in five people now lives in such conditions. The number of forcibly displaced persons worldwide has also more than doubled in the same period, exceeding 70 million in 2017. If current trends continue, by the end of 2020, the number of extremely poor people living in economies affected by fragility and conflict will exceed the number of poor people in all other settings combined.

This book shows why addressing fragility and conflict is vital for poverty goals and charts directions for action. It presents new estimates of welfare in FCS, filling gaps in previous knowledge, and analyzes the multidimensional nature of poverty in these settings. It shows that data deprivation in FCS has prevented an accurate global picture of fragility, poverty, and their interactions, and it explains how innovative new measurement strategies are tackling these challenges. The book discusses the long-term consequences of conflict and introduces a data-driven classification of countries by fragility profile, showing opportunities for tailored policy interventions and the need for monitoring multiple markers of fragility. The book strengthens understanding of what poverty reduction in FCS will require and what it can achieve.




About the Authors


Introduction • An Urgent Challenge—and a Window to Respond • Book Structure • Note • References

Chapter 1. Fragility, Conflict, and Extreme Poverty • Key Messages • Background: Living and Dying in a Two-Speed World • Data Deprivation in FCS • Overcoming Data Deprivation • A Clearer Picture of Global Poverty • Better Analysis in FCS Shows that Global Poverty Has Been Underestimated • Poverty Rates Have Risen in FCS, as They Fall Elsewhere • Economies Chronically in FCS Are Driving the Patterns • Conclusions • Notes • References

Chapter 2. Challenges in Multiple Dimensions • Key Messages • Seeing Beyond Monetary Poverty • Losing Human Capital—Where It Is Needed Most • FCS and Growth: Negative Associations • Picturing a Better Future? • Conclusions • Notes • References

Chapter 3. Long-Term Effects of Conflict on Poverty and Welfare • Key Messages • Introduction • Conflict through a Human Capital Lens • The Impact of Conflict on Human Capital: Health • The Impact of Conflict on Human Capital: Education • Conflict and Intergenerational Socioeconomic Mobility • Conflict’s Impact on Labor Market Outcomes • Impact on Productive Assets and Income-Earning Activities • Conflict-Induced Displacement: How Do Refugees Impact Host Communities? • Adding It All Up: Conflict Imposes Heavy Costs that Extend to Future Generations • Notes • References

Chapter 4. Patterns of Fragility—Understanding Diversity in Country Profiles • Key Messages • Introduction • Cluster Analysis for Creating Country Typologies • An Empirical Approach to Exploring Patterns of Fragility • Country Typologies • Cluster Profiles and Entry Points for Policy • Conclusions • Notes • References

Chapter 5. Conclusion—Directions for Action on Fragility and Poverty • Addressing Data Deprivation • Monitoring Fragility Markers • Prioritizing and Focusing Policy Action • Privileging Prevention • Fighting Poverty on the Front Lines • Notes • References

Appendix A: Computing Proximity to Conflict • Appendix B: Methods to Address Poverty Data Deprivation
Appendix C:
Classification Tree of FCS for Fiscal Year 2020 • Appendix D: Data Sources for Cluster Analysis • Appendix E: Governance Index





About the Authors:

Paul Corral is a senior economist in the Office of the HD Chief Economist. He previously worked as a data scientist with the Poverty and Equity Global Practice, where he focused on small area estimation methods and applications. He has published peer-reviewed articles on agriculture and development for specific African countries and is the author of multiple Stata commands. He holds a PhD in economics from American University and an MSc degree in agricultural economics from the University of Hohenheim.

Alexander Irwin, MD, PhD, is an independent global health writer and researcher living in Hong Kong SAR, China, and in New York. He has held staff and faculty appointments at the World Health Organization, the Harvard FXB Center for Health and Human Rights, and the World Bank. He has contributed to recent global reports on tobacco control policy, antimicrobial resistance, and health financing in low- and middle-income countries.

Nandini Krishnan is a senior economist with the Poverty and Equity Global Practice of the World Bank. She leads the poverty program in Afghanistan and co-leads the poverty program in Bangladesh. She has worked on many fragile and conflict-affected situations (including Iraq, the West Bank and Gaza, and the Republic of Yemen) and co-led analytical programs focusing on refugee hosting situations. She has supported impact evaluations of large-scale projects and programs in Nigeria, South Africa, and Tanzania, and holds a PhD in economics from Boston University.

Daniel Gerszon Mahler is a Young Professional in the Development Data Group, where he is part of the Sustainable Development Statistics team. Previously he was with the Poverty and Equity Global Practice, where he contributed to the practice’s global agenda on measuring poverty and inequality. Prior to joining the World Bank, he was a visiting fellow at Harvard University’s Department of Government and worked for the Danish Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Daniel holds a PhD in economics from the University of Copenhagen.

Tara Vishwanath is a lead economist and a global lead of the Welfare Implications of Climate, Fragility, and Conflict Risks Global Solutions Group in the Poverty and Equity Practice of the World Bank. Prior to joining the Africa Region, she led the poverty program in the Middle East and North Africa and the South Asia regions. Before joining the World Bank, she was a professor in the department of economics at Northwestern University. She has published widely in leading international economics journals spanning research topics in economic theory, labor economics, and development. She holds a bachelor’s degree in physics and statistics and a PhD in economics from Cornell University.


Target Audience:

This book is for the people interested in poverty, fragile states and labour market.

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