Title Exploring Universal Basic Income
Subtitle A Guide to Navigating Concepts, Evidence, and Practices
Author Ugo Gentilini, Margaret Grosh, Jamele Rigolini, Ruslan Yemtsov
ISBN 9781464814587
List price USD 49.95
Price outside India Available on Request
Original price
Binding Paperback
No of pages 336
Book size 178 x 254 mm
Publishing year 2020
Original publisher The World Bank
Published in India by .
Exclusive distributors Viva Books Private Limited
Sales territory India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Nepal, .
Status New Arrival
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Description:

Universal basic income (UBI) is emerging as one of the most hotly debated issues in development and social protection policy. But what are the features of UBI? What is it meant to achieve? How do we know, and what don’t we know, about its performance? What does it take to implement it in practice? Drawing from global evidence, literature, and survey data, this volume provides a framework to elucidate issues and trade-offs in UBI with a view to help inform choices around its appropriateness and feasibility in different contexts. Specifically, the book examines how UBI differs from or complements other social assistance programs in terms of objectives, coverage, incidence, adequacy, incentives, effects on poverty and inequality, financing, political economy, and implementation. It also reviews past and current country experiences, surveys the full range of existing policy proposals, provides original results from micro-tax benefit simulations, and sets out a range of considerations around the analytics and practice of UBI.


Contents:

Preface

Acknowledgments

About the Authors

Abbreviations

Overview: Exploring Universal Basic Income (Ugo Gentilini, Margaret Grosh, Jamele Rigolini, and Ruslan Yemtsov) • References

Chapter 1. The Idea of Universal Basic Income (Ugo Gentilini, Margaret Grosh, and Ruslan Yemtsov) • A Glimpse at History • Anatomy of UBI • Universality • Conditionality • Transfer Modality • Choices on Other Parameters • Three Stylized Narratives on UBI • Social Protection • Automation and Labor Market Disruptions • Resource Dividends • Conclusions • Notes • References

Chapter 2. UBI as Social Assistance: Comparative Models and Instruments (Ugo Gentilini and Margaret Grosh) • Types of Programs • Benefit-Based Programs Not Based on Work • Child Allowances and Social Pensions • Guaranteed Minimum Income • Other Poverty-Based Cash Transfers • Tax-Based Programs Not Based on Work • Benefit-Based Programs Based on Work • Job Guarantee Programs • Temporary Public Works Programs • Wage Subsidy Programs • Tax-Based Programs Based on Work • Conclusions • Notes • References

Chapter 3. Universal Basic Income and Work (Francesca Bastagli) • The Arguments • The Nature of the Evidence • Participation in Paid Work and Financial Work Incentives • Conditions of Paid Work • Valuation and Distribution of Unpaid Work • Formal and Informal Work • Conclusions • Work Incentives and Participation in Paid Work • Conditions of Work • Valuation and Distribution of Unpaid Work • Formal and Informal Work • Notes • References

Chapter 4. Comparative Effects of Universal Basic Income: Emerging Issues and Estimates (Jamele Rigolini, Nora Lustig, Ugo Gentilini, Emma Monsalve, and Siyu Quan) • Data • Methodology • Results • Poverty and Inequality in the Baseline Scenario • Replacing Social Assistance Programs with a Budget-Neutral UBI • Replacing Baseline Social Assistance Programs with a More Generous UBI • Conclusions • Notes • References

Chapter 5. Financing a Universal Basic Income: A Primer (Teresa Ter-Minassian) • Assessing the Fiscal Space for a UBI • Assessing the Scope for Financing a UBI through Expenditure Measures • Expenditure Savings • Subsidies Reform • Reforms of Public Wages and Employment • Assessing the Scope for Financing a UBI through Revenue-Raising Measures • Taxes on Personal Income • Taxes on Corporate Income • Taxes on Wealth • Taxes on Consumption • Other Potential Revenue Sources • Conclusions • Notes • References

Chapter 6. The Political Economy of Universal Basic Income (Jurgen De Wispelaere and Ruslan Yemtsov) • A Stylized Model of Political Economy • Constituencies, Ideologies, and Coalitions • Political Transformations of the UBI • Conclusions • Notes • References

Chapter 7. What Does It Take to Deliver a Universal Basic Income in Practice? (Christina Lowe, Margaret Grosh, Tina George, and Ugo Gentilini) • Delivery Chain • Phase 1: Assessing • Phase 2: Decision Making • Phase 3: Implementation • Surrounding Ecosystem: Foundational Elements • ID Systems • Civil Registration Systems • Interoperability and Data Protection Frameworks • Payment Service Provision • Summary • Conclusions • Notes • References

Appendixes A UBI-Related Pilots • B UBI-Related Proposals • C Quantitative Evidence on Conditional and Unconditional Transfers • D Microsimulations Data and Methodology • E Annotated Bibliography

Boxes

Figures

Tables


About the Editors:

Ugo Gentilini serves as Global Lead for Social Assistance at the World Bank’s Social Protection and Jobs Global Practice. He has 20 years of experience in the analytics, practice, and evaluation of social protection systems, particularly in the realm of cash transfers, food assistance, price subsidies, public works, and select active labor market policies. His publications encompass flagship reports, edited volumes, academic journals, and operational guidelines, covering labor markets, urbanization, agriculture, food security, nutrition, subsidy reforms, crisis preparedness and response, and mobility. Ugo holds a PhD in development economics, blogs frequently, and produces a newsletter on social protection (ugogentilini.net) reaching thousands of practitioners on a weekly basis.

Margaret Grosh is the Senior Advisor for the World Bank’s Social Protection and Jobs Global Practice. She has written, lectured, and advised extensively on social protection programs, especially on targeting and cash transfer programs, globally and for Latin America. She has extensive experience with social protection both for responding to a crisis and for improving equality of opportunity. Earlier, she served as Lead Economist in the Latin American and Caribbean Region’s Human Development Department, led the team for Social Assistance in the World Bank’s Global Social Protection Department and, before that, the Living Standard Measurement Study in the Research Department. She holds a Ph.D. in economics from Cornell University.

Jamele Rigolini has been the World Bank Program Leader for Human Development and Poverty for Bolivia, Chile, Ecuador, Peru and Venezuela. His areas of expertise include social protection, human development, labor markets, poverty, gender and entrepreneurship/innovation policies. Prior to joining the World Bank, he was an assistant professor of economics at the University of Warwick (UK). He also worked for the Inter-American Development Bank, the International Union for Conservation of Nature and McKinsey & Co.  At the World Bank, he worked in the East Asia and Pacific region, where he managed lending projects and advisory activities in the areas of labor markets and social protection. He also managed the World Bank’s flagship reports for Latin America and maintained close dialogue with other international organizations, as well as with Latin American academic institutions and think tanks. Jamele Rigolini holds a degree in physics from the Swiss Institute of Technology (ETH) in Zurich and a Ph.D. in economics from New York University. He has published articles in several economics journals, including the Journal of Public Economics, the Journal of Development Economics, Economic Letters and World Development.

Ruslan Yemtsov is a Lead Economist and Team Leader for social safety nets in the World Bank Social Protection and Labor Global practice. Prior to his current position, he worked as a poverty economist in the Middle East and North Africa region, and in the Eastern Europe and Central Asia region. His experience includes: preparing poverty assessments (Egypt, Georgia, Serbia, Croatia, Macedonia, Bosnia and more than a dozen others), working on targeting and social assistance projects (Morocco, Russia, Croatia), fuel subsidy reform dialogue (Egypt, Tunisia, Morocco) and leading regional flagship reports on poverty, subsidy reforms and statistical capacity. He has also worked on operations focused on food crisis response (Djibouti), structural adjustment credits (Georgia), energy sector reform, social funds, and social welfare development projects. He is the author and co-author of over 20 research papers, articles and book chapters.


Target Audience:

This book is for the people interested in poverty alleviation, inequality, labor market, universal basic income at the global level, economic drop and social protection policy.

 
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