Title Accelerating Poverty Reduction in Africa
Subtitle
Author Kathleen Beegle, Luc Christiaensen
ISBN 9781464812323
List price USD 45.00
Price outside India Available on Request
Original price
Binding Paperback
No of pages 310
Book size 203 X 279 mm
Publishing year 2019
Original publisher The World Bank
Published in India by .
Exclusive distributors Viva Books Private Limited
Sales territory India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Nepal, .
Status New Arrival
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Reviews:

Accelerating Poverty Reduction in Africa is written skillfully, with rigorous and solid analysis, a rare mix of rhyme and reason, practical wisdom, and a deep sense for acting together to design and apply solutions to resolve the challenge. In my 30 years of research and working in development, I have come across several treatises on the role of agriculture in driving development. But this work by the World Bank is par excellence in assembling and synthesizing the empirical evidence and makes a compelling case of how investing in four key areas—reducing rapid population growth and high fertility; increasing smallholder productivity in staple foods and leveraging rising urban demand for higher-value agricultural products; improving risk management to reduce fragility; and mobilizing public financing focused on the poor—is critical for helping millions of resource-poor farmers lift themselves out of poverty. My hope is that policy makers will read it.”

Agnes Kalibata, President of the Alliance for a Green Revolution in Africa

 

“Poverty is increasingly becoming a primarily African challenge that needs new thinking in the way that Africans, in partnership with global supporters, tackle it effectively. This excellent flagship report rightly points us toward focusing action on three key features specific to African poverty: its predominantly rural nature, its fragility, and its inadequate or unequal capabilities. I fully endorse the need for a fresh push to accelerate the delayed demographic transition and to take advantage of new technologyenabled opportunities to take jobs and livelihoods to where the poor are by helping to diversify rural economies and by making the informal economy more dynamic and better connected to formal systems. The report rightly emphasizes the adoption of risk mitigation strategies against fragility to ensure steady progress and offers a practical guide to prioritizing action.”

Benno Ndulu, former Governor of the Bank of Tanzania

 

“The World Bank from its inception has been at the forefront of the gigantic struggle to reduce poverty in the developing world. It has been the leading institution in attempting to measure poverty incidence, analyzing its causes, and suggesting appropriate measures to be undertaken by affected countries and the donor community. While most developing regions were successful in improving the standard of living of their people, Africa until recently continued to suffer from massive deprivations. This report provides a comprehensive analysis of the underlying conditions and obstacles that make it so difficult to achieve the same level of progress in Africa that so many Asian countries enjoy. At the same time, the report documents the recent improvements in monetary and nonmonetary poverty indicators in Africa, and it provides useful policy recommendations for a more inclusive and accelerated growth structure. Accelerating Poverty Reduction in Africa is a must-read for anyone concerned with African development.”

Erik Thorbecke, H. E. Babcock Professor of Economics Emeritus, Graduate School and International Professor, Cornell University


Description:

Sub-Saharan Africa’s turnaround over the past couple of decades has been dramatic. After many years in decline, the continent’s economy picked up in the mid-1990s. Along with this macroeconomic growth, people became healthier, many more youngsters attended schools, and the rate of extreme poverty declined from 54 percent in 1990 to 41 percent in 2015. Political and social freedoms expanded, and gender equality advanced. Conflict in the region also subsided, although it still claims thousands of civilian lives in some countries and still drives pressing numbers of displaced persons. Despite Africa’s widespread economic and social welfare accomplishments, the region’s challenges remain daunting: Economic growth has slowed in recent years. Poverty rates in many countries are the highest in the world. And notably, the number of poor in Africa is rising because of population growth. From a global perspective, the biggest concentration of poverty has shifted from South Asia to Africa. Accelerating Poverty Reduction in Africa explores critical policy entry points to address the demographic, societal, and political drivers of poverty; improve income-earning opportunities both on and off the farm; and better mobilize resources for the poor. It looks beyond macroeconomic stability and growth—critical yet insufficient components of these objectives—to ask what more could be done and where policy makers should focus their attention to speed up poverty reduction. The pro-poor policy agenda advanced in this volume requires not only economic growth where the poor work and live, but also mitigation of the many risks to which African households are exposed. As such, this report takes a “jobs” lens to its task. It focuses squarely on the productivity and livelihoods of the poor and vulnerable—that is, what it will take to increase their earnings. Finally, it presents a road map for financing the poverty and development agenda.


Contents:

Foreword

Acknowledgments

About the Editors and Contributors

Abbreviations

Key Messages

Overview • Poverty Reduction in Africa: A Global Agenda • Poverty in Africa: Stylized Facts • Africa’s Slower Poverty Reduction • Growth Fundamentals and Poverty Financing • Earning More on the Farm • Moving Off the Farm: Household Enterprises • Managing Risks and Conflict • Mobilizing Resources for the Poor • Way Forward: Four Primary Policy Areas • Notes • References

Introduction • Notes • References

Chapter 1. Poverty in Africa • Poverty Today and Tomorrow • Africa’s Poverty in Profile • Lessons from Recent Experience • Notes • References

Chapter 2. Africa’s Demography and Socioeconomic Structure • High Fertility Holds Back Poverty Reduction • Poor Initial Conditions • More and Better Income-Earning Opportunities for the Poor • A Way Forward • Notes • References

Fundamentals 1. Africa’s Human Development Trap • The Health Poverty Trap • The Education Poverty Trap • Escaping the Human Development Poverty Trap • Notes • References

Chapter 3. Earning More on the Farm • Largely Favorable Conditions for Agricultural Development • Not All Agricultural Growth Is Equally Poverty Reducing • An Integrated Approach Is Needed • Inclusive Value Chain Development as Response • The Need for Complementary Public Goods, Especially for Staples • Notes • References

Fundamentals 2. The Nexus of Gender Inequality and Poverty • Gender Gaps in Human Endowments • Glaring Differences in the Time Use of Men and Women • Differences in Asset Ownership and Control between Women and Men • Gender Gaps Exacerbated by Formal and Informal Institutions and Norms • Mobility and Safety Challenges for Women • Policy Levers to Address Gender Gaps and Reduce Poverty • Notes • References

Chapter 4. Moving to Jobs Off the Farm • A Profile of Africa’s Off-Farm Work • The Prospect of Formal Wage Jobs • Key Traits of Household Enterprises • Better Household Enterprises for the Poor • Fostering Demand: The Role of Towns and Regional Trading • Notes • References

Fundamentals 3. Leapfrogging with Technology (and Trade) • Trends, Challenges, and Leapfrogging Opportunities • How Can the Poor Benefit from These Technological Advances? • Notes • References

Chapter 5. Managing Risks and Conflict • The Urgency of Risk Management • Risk and Conflict Increase Poverty and Keep People Poor • Prevalence of Shocks and Conflict in Africa • Reducing Exposure to Shocks in Africa • How Do Households Manage Shocks? • Better Insurance for the Poor • Addressing Constraints to Investment in Risk Prevention and Management • Notes • References

Fundamentals 4. Politics and Pro-Poor Policies • Varying Politics and Incentives, Varying Results • Channels for Change • References

Chapter 6. Mobilizing Resources for the Poor • Africa’s Large Poverty Financing Gap • Fiscal Systems in Africa • Mobilizing More (and Less-Harmful) Revenues • Toward Better Spending for the Poor • Notes • References

Boxes

Figures

Maps

Tables


About the Editors:

Kathleen Beegle is a lead economist in the World Bank’s Gender Group. She was previously a human development program leader based in Accra, Ghana, covering Ghana, Liberia, and Sierra Leone. She co-led the World Bank regional studies Realizing the Full Potential of Social Safety Nets in Africa (2018) and Poverty in a Rising Africa (2016) and was deputy director of World Development Report 2013: Jobs. As part of the World Bank’s Research Group for more than a decade, Kathleen’s research focused on poverty, labor, and economic shocks. She was also a lead member of the World Bank Living Standards Measurement Study team, where she led the design and implementation of national household surveys, as well as methodological studies on survey design. Before joining the World Bank, she worked at RAND Corporation. Kathleen holds a doctorate in economics from Michigan State University.

Luc Christiaensen is a lead agricultural economist in the World Bank’s Jobs Group. He has written extensively on poverty, structural transformation, and secondary towns in Africa and East Asia. He led the team that produced Agriculture in Africa: Telling Myths from Facts and was a core member of the team for the World Development Report 2008: Agriculture for Development. He also co-led the World Bank regional study, Poverty in a Rising Africa, the precursor to this report. He was a Senior Research Fellow at UNU-WIDER in Helsinki, Finland, during 2009–10. He is an honorary research fellow at the Maastricht School of Management and the Catholic University of Leuven. Luc holds a PhD in agricultural economics from Cornell University.


Target Audience:

This book is for the people interested in poverty reduction, economic growth and labour market.

 
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