Title Plastics Technology
Subtitle Introduction and Fundamentals
Author Christian Bonten
ISBN 9781569907672
List price USD 119.99
Price outside India Available on Request
Original price
Binding Hardbound
No of pages 478
Book size 171 x 241 mm
Publishing year 2020
Original publisher Hanser Publisher (Eurospan Group)
Published in India by .
Exclusive distributors Viva Books Private Limited
Sales territory India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Nepal, .
Status New Arrival
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Description:

This introductory book covers the entire spectrum of plastics technology/engineering, from raw materials to finished plastic products. It is not just for university students in plastics technology and other engineering disciplines but also for beginners to the field in general.

The interconnectivity between the different relevant knowledge areas of plastics technology, such as materials engineering, processing technology, and product development, is emphasized. A chapter “Plastics and the Environment” is also included, covering a topic often of great concern to students and newcomers to the field.


Contents:

Preface

The Author: Prof Christian Bonten

How to Use This Book

 

Chapter 1. Introduction • Plastics - Material of the Modern Age • Applications of Plastics • Plastics and Design • References

Chapter 2. Fundamentals • From Monomer to Polymer – Basics of Polymer Chemistry • Origin of Monomers • Polymer Synthesis • Polymerization • Copolymerization (Special Form of Polymerization) • Polycondensation • Polyaddition • The Molar Mass of Polymers • Binding Forces and Brownian Molecular Movement • Intermolecular Physical Bonds • Brownian Molecular Motion – Mobility of Polymer Chains • Mechanisms of Solidification and Subdivision of Polymers • Primary Structure of Polymers: Constitution and Configuration • Secondary and Tertiary Structures of Polymers: Conformation • Amorphous Structures • Crystalline Structures • Influence of the Primary Structure • Superstructures • Polymers – Raw Materials Not Only for Plastics • Fundamentals of Force Transmission • Important Terms • Strength • Stiffness • Toughness • Stress-Strain Diagrams • State Ranges of Plastics • Glass Transition Temperature Tg • Crystalline Melting Temperature Tm • State Ranges of Crosslinked Polymers • Mechanical Replacement Models • Plastics and Plastics Technology – Definition of Terms • References

Chapter 3. Plastics Materials Engineering • Behavior in the Melt – Flow Properties and Their Measurement • Fluid Mechanics Basics • Influences on the Flow Behavior • The Concept of Representative Viscosity • Elongation of Melt • Die Swell and Shrinkage • Rheometry – the Measurement of Flow Properties • Measurement of the Melt Flow Rate MFR • The High-Pressure Capillary Rheometer • Rotational Rheometer • Extensional Rheometer • Behavior as a Solid – Solid Properties and Their Measurement • Mechanical Properties of Plastics • The Tensile Test • The High Speed Tensile Test • Influence of Time and Temperature on the Mechanical Behavior • The Creep Test • The Vibration Test • The Bending Test • Physical Properties • Electrical Properties • Magnetic Properties • Optical Properties • Acoustic Properties • Values for Thermal and Mass Exchange • Specific Enthalpy h • Specific Heat Capacity cp • Density ? • Thermal Conductivity ? • Coefficient of Thermal Expansion a • Thermal Diffusivity a • Heat Penetration Coefficient b • Mass Transport • Influence of Additives on Properties • Reinforcing Materials – Active Additives • Fibers and the Principle of Reinforcement • The Tasks of the Matrix • Force Transmission of Fiber-Reinforced Plastic Composites • Defects in Fiber-Reinforced Plastic Composites • Nanoparticles as Active Additives • Functional Additives • Viscosity-Changing Additives – Flowing Agents • Plasticizers • Blending of Polymers • Impact Modifiers • Nucleating Agents • Coupling Agents • Conductive Additives • Fillers – Inactive Additives • From Polymer to Plastic – Introduction to Plastic Compounding • The Twin-Screw Extruder • Process Technology • Characteristic Values • Additional Units • Process, Structure, Properties – Influences due to the Converting Process • Residual Stresses • Orientation of Macromolecules • Orientation of Fibers • Crystallization • Formation of a Macrostructure: Foaming of Plastics • Changes over Time – Overview into the Aging of Plastics • Causes of Aging • Aging Processes • Mechanical Aging Mechanisms • Physical Aging Mechanisms • Chemical Aging Mechanisms • Mode of Action of Aging Stabilizers • Aging Phenomena • Characterization of the Aging Progress • Brief Description of Some Important Plastics • Polyethylene (PE)  • Polypropylene (PP) • Ethylene-Propylene-(Diene) Copolymers (EPDM) • Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC) • Polystyrene (PS) • Styrene-Butadiene-Styrene Copolymers (SBS) • Styrene-Acrylonitrile Copolymers (SAN) • Acrylonitrile-Butadiene-Styrene Copolymers (ABS) • Acrylonitrile-Styrene-Acrylate Copolymers (ASA) • Polyamide (PA) • Polybutylene Terephthalate (PBT) • Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET) • Polycarbonate (PC) • Polymethyl Methacrylate (PMMA) • Polyoxymethylene (POM) • Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) • Polyether Ether Ketone (PEEK) • Polyethersulfone (PES) und Polysulfone (PSU) • Polyphenylene Sulfide (PPS) • Cellulose Derivatives • Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA) • Polylactide (PLA) • Thermoplastic Polyurethane (TPE-U, also TPU) • Polyurethane (PUR) • Epoxy Resins (EP) • Melamine Formaldehyde Resin (MF) • Phenol-Formaldehyde or Phenol Resin (PF) • Urea-Formaldehyde Resin (UF) • Unsaturated Polyester Resin (UP) • References

Chapter 4. Plastics Processing Technology • Extrusion • Extruder Screw and Barrel • The Helibar® High-Performance Extruder • Pipe and Profile Extrusion • Flat Film and Sheet Extrusion • Tube and Blown Film Extrusion • Extrusion Blow Molding • Co-extrusion • Injection Molding • The Injection Molding Process • The Plasticizing Unit • The Clamping Unit with Injection Mold • Rheological Design • Thermal Design • Influence of the Injection Molding Process on the Properties of the Component • Special Processes • Injection-Compression Molding • Thermoplastic Foam Injection Molding • Cascade Injection Molding • Injection Molding Compounding • Multi-component Processes • Sandwich Injection Molding • Fluid Injection Techniques • Back Injection Technology • Injection Stretch Blow Molding • Variothermal Mold Temperature Control • Processing of Crosslinking Plastics • Compression Molding • Transfer Molding • Injection Molding • Polyurethane Processing • Technology of Fiber-Reinforced Plastics • Hand Lay-up and Fiber Spraying • Pressing of SMC and GMT • Pultrusion of Continuous Fibers • Working with Prepregs • Resin Injection Molding • Three-Dimensional Fiber Reinforced Plastic Structures • Further Processing • Thermoforming • Mechanical Machining of Plastics • Welding • Hot Plate Welding • Hot Gas Welding • Extrusion Welding • Ultrasonic Welding • Vibration Friction Welding • Laser Welding • Adhesive Bonding • Joining by Snap Connections, Screws, and Rivets • Coating of Plastics • Coated Components • Coating Processes • References

Chapter 5. Product Development with Plastics • Plastics as Construction Materials • Plastic-Specific Unique Selling Points • Material Preselection • Geometric Subdivision of Products • Large-Area Products • Housing-Like Products • Container-Like Products • Complex Products • Function-Specific Products • Importance for the Choice of the Processing Method • Designing with Plastics • Requirements for Products and Functions • Benefits of Design Freedom – Integration of Functional Elements • Use of Design Freedom – Increasing the Surface Moment of Inertia • Material-Specific Design • Production-Oriented Design • Stress-Oriented Design • Dimensioning against a Permissible Stress • Dimensioning against Critical Strain • Dimensioning against the Influence of Time – Service Life Prediction • Brief Summary of Designing with Plastics • Benefits of Prototypes in Product Development  • Rapid Prototyping • Stereolithography (SLA) • Selective Laser Sintering (SLS) • Laminated Object Manufacturing (LOM) • 3D Printing (3-D-P) • Fused Deposition Modeling (FDM or FFF) • Rapid Tooling • Casting • Laser Sintering • Selection of a Prototype Method • Requirements Placed on the Prototype • Prototypes for Large-Area Products and for Housing-Like Products • Prototypes for Container-Like Products • Prototypes for Complex Products • References

Chapter 6. Plastics and the Environment • Plastic Waste • Are Plastics Toxic? • Biopolymers and Bioplastics • Biodegradable Plastics • Bio-based Plastics • From Biopolymer to Bioplastic – Compounding of Biopolymers • Conserving Resources with Plastics • Origin of the Term “Sustainability” • The Brundtland Report and the Kyoto Protocol • Conservation of Resources with Plastics • Regenerative Energy Generation with Plastics • Conclusion • References

A. Recommendations for Writing a Bachelor’s/Master’s Thesis at the IKT • Different Demands of Bachelor’s, Master’s, and Doctoral Theses • Scientific Methods • Source-Examining Methods • Theoretical Methods • Empirical Methods • Scientific Work • Bachelor’s or Master’s Thesis • About the Title of the Thesis • About the Content of the Thesis • Summary • Introduction • Main Part • Concluding Remarks • Appendix • About the Scope of the Thesis • About the Writing Style of the Thesis

Index


About the Author:

University Professor Dr.-Ing. Christian Bonten heads the Institute for Plastics Technology (Institut für Kunststofftechnik; IKT) in Stuttgart, one of the leading German research institutes in the field of plastics technology. After studying mechanical engineering in Duisburg/Germany and plastics processing at the University in Aachen/Germany, Prof. Bonten received his doctorate in the field of welding plastics under supervision of Prof. Ernst Schmachtenberg. After several years of technical responsibility and later business responsibility at the chemical company BASF and the bioplastics manufacturer FKuR, he was appointed Director and Head of the IKT by the University of Stuttgart in 2010. The institute works in all areas of plastics technology: materials engineering, processing technology, and product engineering.

Target Audience:

This book is useful for students engaged in plastics technology and other engineering disciplines and also for beginners to the field in general.

 

 
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