Title Locked Out
Subtitle Regional Restrictions in Digital Entertainment Culture
Author Evan Elkins
ISBN 9781479873876
List price GBP 22.99
Price outside India Available on Request
Original price
Binding Paperback
No of pages 240
Book size 153 x 229 mm
Publishing year 2019
Original publisher New York University Press (Combined Academic Publishers)
Published in India by .
Exclusive distributors Viva Books Private Limited
Sales territory India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Nepal, .
Status New Arrival
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“‘Lockout’—the region code restrictions in DVDs and videogame consoles and geo-blocking in on-demand services—is at once a more insidious and banal form of control than that envisaged by critics of cultural imperialism. In this wide-ranging book, Evan Elkins has brought us up to date on the textured detail of such technological control, and bequeathed us the theory tools to understand its impact on culture, audiences, and producers.”

Stuart Cunningham, co-author of Social Media Entertainment


Locked Out effectively illustrates the complex cultural, technological, regulatory, and economic reasons why consumers’ access to media content remains so unequal on a global basis. Historically informed, methodologically rich, and fluidly written, Locked Out represents a significant contribution to work on global media flows, distribution cultures, and the cultural history of technology.”

Alisa Perren, author of Indie, Inc.: Miramax and the Transformation of Hollywood in the 1990s


A rare insight into how industry practices like regional restrictions have shaped global media culture in the digital era

“This content is not available in your country.” At some point, most media consumers around the world have run into a message like this. Whether trying to watch a DVD purchased during a vacation abroad, play an imported Japanese video game, or listen to a Spotify library while traveling, we are constantly reminded of geography’s imprint on digital culture. We are locked out.

Despite utopian hopes of a borderless digital society, DVDs, video games, and streaming platforms include digital rights management mechanisms that block media access within certain territories. These technologies of “regional lockout” are meant first and foremost to keep the entertainment industries’ global markets distinct. But they also frustrate consumers and place territories on a hierarchy of global media access. Drawing on extensive research of media-industry strategies, consumer and retailer practices, and media regulation, Locked Out explores regional lockout’s consequences for media around the globe. Power and capital are at play when it comes to who can consume what content and who can be a cultural influence. Looking across digital technologies, industries, and national contexts, Locked Out argues that the practice of regional lockout has shaped and reinforced global hierarchies of geography and culture.


Introduction: Regional Lockout as Technology, Distribution,  and Culture

Chapter 1. DVD Region Codes: Technical Standards and  Geocultural Status

Chapter 2. Console Games: How Regional Lockout Shaped the Video Game Industry              

Chapter 3. Video on Demand: Geoblocking, Borders, and Geocultural Anxieties       

Chapter 4. Digital Music: Regional Lockout and Online Listening

Chapter 5. Region-Free Media: Collecting and Selling Cultural Status

Conclusion: The End of Geoblocking? or, Region-Free Media Literacy





About the Author

About the Author:

Evan Elkins is Assistant Professor of Media and Visual Culture in the Department of Communication Studies at Colorado State University.

Target Audience:

People interested in digital media, digital culture, entertainment computing and trade regulation.


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