Title Cognitive Neuroscience, 5/e (International Student Edition)
Subtitle The Biology of the Mind
Author Michael S. Gazzaniga, Richard B. Ivry, George R. Mangun
ISBN 9780393667813
List price USD 127.13
Price outside India Available on Request
Original price
Binding Paperback
No of pages 658
Book size 216 x 279 mm
Publishing year 2019
Original publisher W. W. Norton & Company
Published in India by .
Exclusive distributors Viva Books Private Limited
Sales territory India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Nepal, .
Status New Arrival
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Description:

Authoritative, applied and accessible.

Written by world-renowned researchers, including Michael Gazzaniga, Cognitive Neuroscience remains the gold standard in its field, showcasing the latest discoveries and clinical applications. In its new Fifth Edition, updated material is woven into the narrative of each chapter and featured in new Hot Science and Lessons from the Clinic sections. The presentation is also more accessible and focused as the result of Anatomical Orientation figures, Take-Home Message features, and streamlined chapter openers.


Contents:

Part I: Background and Methods

Chapter 1. A Brief History of Cognitive Neuroscience • A Historical Perspective • The Brain Story • Box 1.1 Lessons From the Clinic: Fits and Start • The Psychological Story • The Instruments of Neuroscience • Electroencephalography • Measuring Blood Flow in the Brain • Computerized Axial Tomography • Positron Emission Tomography and Radioactive Tracers • Magnetic Resonance Imaging • Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging • The Book in Your Hands

Chapter 2. Structure and Function of the Nervous System • The Cells of the Nervous System • Glial Cells • Neurons • Neuronal Signaling • Synaptic Transmission • Chemical Transmission • Electrical Transmission • Overview of Nervous System Structure • The Autonomic Nervous System • The Central Nervous System • Blood Suppty and the Brain • Box 2.1 The Cognitive Neuroscientist’s Toolkit: Navigating the Brain • A Guided Tour of the Brain • The Spinal Cord • The Brainstem: Medulla, Pons, Cerebellum, and Midbrain • The Diencephalon: Thalamus and Hypothalamus • The Telencephalon: Cerebrum • The Cerebral Cortex • Dividing the Cortex by Surface Features • Dividing the Cortex by Cell Architecture • Dividing the Cortex by Function • Box 2.2 Lessons From the Clinic: Cortical Topography • Connecting the Brain’s Components into Systems • Development of the Nervous System • Overview of Early Development • The Baby Brain: Ready to Rock ‘n’ Roll? • Birth of New Neurons Throughout Life

Chapter 3. Methods of Cognitive Neuroscience • Cognitive Psychology and Behavioral Methods • Mental Representations • Internal Transformations • Constraints on Information Processing • Studying the Damaged Brain • Causes of Neurological Dysfunction • Box 3.1 The Cognitive Neuroscientist’s Toolkit: Single and Double Dissociations • Studying Brain-Behavior Relationships Following Neural Disruption • Methods to Perturb Neural Function • Pharmacology • Genetic Manipulations • Box 3.2 Lessons From the Clinic: Brain Size ? PTSD, or PTSD ? Brain Size? • Invasive Stimulation Methods • Noninvasive Stimulation Methods • Structural Analysis of the Brain • Visualizing the Gross Anatomy of the Brain • Visualizing the Structural Connectivity of the Brain • Methods to Measure Neural Activity • Single-Cell Neurophysiology in Animals • Invasive Neurophysiology in Humans • Noninvasive Electrical Recording of Neural Activity • The Marriage of Function and Structure: Neuroimaging • Positron Emission Tomography • Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging • Limitations of Functional Imaging Techniques • Connectivity Maps • Computational Neuroscience • Representations in Computer Models • Models Lead to Testable Predictions • Converging Methods

 

Part II: Core Processes

Chapter 4. Hemispheric Specialization • Anatomical Correlates of Hemispheric Specialization • Macroscopic Anatomical Asymmetries • Box 4.1 The Cognitive Neuroscientist’s Toolkit: The Wada Test • Microscopic Anatomical Asymmetries • Anatomy of Communication: The Corpus Callosum and the Commissures • Function of the Corpus Callosum • Splitting the Brain: Cortical Disconnection • The Surgery in Humans • Methodological Considerations in Studying Split-Brain Patients • Functional Consequences of the Split-Brain Procedure • Evidence of Lateralized Brain Functions from Split-Brain Patients • Language and Speech • Visuospatial Processing • The Interactions of Attention and Perception • Theory of Mind • The Interpreter • Box 4.2 Lessons From the Clinic: The Maine Idea • Evidence of Lateralized Brain Functions from the Normal and Malfunctioning Brain • Mapping Functional and Anatomical Connectivity • Abnormal Hemispheric Lateralization • The Evolutionary Basis of Hemispheric Specialization • Hemispheric Specialization in Nonhumans • The Brain’s Modular Architecture • Hemispheric Specialization: A Dichotomy in Function or Stylishly Different? • Is There a Connection Between Hand-edness and Left-Hemisphere Language Dominance?

Chapter 5. Sensation and Perception • Senses, Sensation, and Perception • Common Processing Across the Senses • Sensory Receptors • Connective Similarities • Olfaction • Neural Pathways of Olfaction • The Role of Sniffing • The Nose Knows • Gustation • Neural Pathways of Gustation • Gustatory Processing • Gustotopic Maps • Somatosensation • Neural Pathways of Somatosensation • Somatosensory Processing • Plasticity in the Somatosensory Cortex • Audition • Neural Pathways of Audition • Box 5.1 Lessons From the Clinic: The Invisible Hand • Auditory Cortex • Computational Goals in Audition • Vision • Neural Pathways of Vision • Visual Cortex • From Sensation to Perception • Where Are Percepts Formed? • Deficits in Visual Perception • Multimodal Perception: I See What You’re Sayin’ • How Does Multimodal Processing Happen? • Where Does Multimodal Processing Happen? • Errors in Multimodal Processing: Synesthesia • Perceptual Reorganization • Development of Sensory Systems • Perceptual Reorganization Secondary to Early Sensory Loss • Cortical Reorganization Over Shorter Time Spans • Mechanisms of Cortical Reorganization • Engineering for Compensation • Cochlear Implants • Box 5.2 Hot Science: Not-So-Blind Mice • Retinal Implants

Chapter 6. Object Recognition • Computational Problems in Object Recognition • Multiple Pathways for Visual Perception • The “What” and “Where” Pathways • Representational Differences Between the Dorsal and Ventral Streams • Perception for Identification Versus Perception for Action • Box 6.1 Lessons From the Clinic: The Day the Music Died • Seeing Shapes and Perceiving Objects • Shape Encoding • From Shapes to Objects • Grandmother Cells and Ensemble Coding • Exploiting the Computational Power of Neural Networks • Top-Down Effects on Object Recognition • Mind Reading: Decoding and Encoding Brain Signals • Box 6.2 Hot Science: A Wild and Crazy Future for Mind Reading • Specificity of Object Recognition in Higher Visual Areas • Is Face Processing Special? • Diving Deeply Into Facial Perception • Does the Visual System Contain Other Category-Specific Systems? • Testing Causality • Failures in Object Recognition • Subtypes of Visual Agnosia • Organizational Theories of Category Specificity • Developmental Origins of Category Specificity • Prosopagnosia Is a Failure to Recognize Faces • Developmental Disorders With Face Recognition Deficits • Processing Accounts of Prosopagnosia

Chapter 7. Attention • Selective Attention and the Anatomy of Attention • The Neuropsychology of Attention • Neglect • Comparing Neglect and Bálint’s Syndrome • Models of Attention • Hermann von Helmholtz and Covert Attention • The Cocktail Party Effect • Early-Selection Models Versus Late-Selection Models • Quantifying the Role of Attention in Perception • Neural Mechanisms of Attention and Perceptual Selection • Voluntary Visuospatial Attention • Reflexive Visuospatial Attention • Visual Search • Feature Attention • Object Attention • Attentional Control Networks • The Dorsal Attention Network • Box 7.1 Hot Science: A Thinking Cap? • The Ventral Attention Network • Subcortical Components of Attentional Control Networks

Chapter 8. Action • The Anatomy and Control of Motor Structures • Muscles, Motor Neurons, and the Spinal Cord • Subcortical Motor Structures • Cortical Regions Involved in Motor Control • Computational Issues in Motor Control • Central Pattern Generators • Central Representation of Movement Plans • Hierarchical Representation of Action Sequences • Physiological Analysis of Motor Pathways • Neural Coding of Movement • Alternative Perspectives on Neural Representation of Movement • Goal Selection and Action Planning • Action Goals and Movement Plans • Representational Variation Across Motor Areas of the Cortex • Links Between Action and Perception • Recouping Motor Loss • Regaining Movement After Loss of Motor Cortex • The Brain-Machine Interface • Movement Initiation and the Basal Ganglia • The Basal Ganglia as a Gatekeeper • The Basal Ganglia and Learning • Disorders of the Basal Ganglia • Direct Stimulation of the Basal Ganglia • Learning and Performing New Skills • Shift in Cortical Control With Learning • Adaptive Learning Through Sensory Feedback • Neural Mechanisms of Adaptation • Error-Based Learning From Forward Models • Box 8.1 Hot Science: Snooping Around in the Cerebellum • Expertise

Chapter 9. Memory • Learning and Memory, and Their Associated Anatomy • Memory Deficits: Amnesia • Brain Surgery and Memory Loss • Dementias • Mechanisms of Memory • Short-Term Forms of Memory • Long Term Forms of Memory • The Medial Temporal Lobe Memory System • Evidence From Amnesia • Evidence From Animals With Medial Temporal Lobe Lesions • Distinguishing Human Memory Systems With Imaging • Recollection and Recognition: Two Systems • Long Tenn Memory Storage and Retrieval • Encoding, Retrievak andthe Frontal Cortex • Retrieval and the Parietal Cortex • Memory Consolidation • Consolidation and the Hippocampus • Sleep and Memory Consolidation • Stress and Memory Consolidation • Cellular Basis of Learning and Memory • Long-Term Potentiation and the Hippocampus • Box 9.1 Hot Science: I Know You’re in There! • Long-Term Potentiation and Memory Performance

Chapter 10. Emotion • What Is an Emotion? • Box 10.1 Hot Science: Tech Stress • Neural Systems Involved in Emotion Processing • Early Concepts: The Limbic System as the Emotional Brain • Emerging Concepts of Emotional Networks • Categorizing Emotions • Basic Emotions • Complex Emotions • Dimensional Theories of Emotion • Theories of Emotion Generation • James-Lange Theory of Emotion • Cannon-Bard Theory of Emotion • Appraisal Theory of Emotion • Singer-Schachter Theory: Cognitive Interpretation of Arousal • LeDoux’s Fast and Slow Roads to Emotion • Evolutionary Psychology Approach to Emotion • Panksepp’s Hierarchical-Processing Theory of Emotion • Anderson and Adolphs: Emotions as Central Causative States • The Amygdala • The Influence of Emotion on Learning • Implicit Emotional Learning • Explicit Emotional Learning • Interactions Between Emotion and Other Cognitive Processes • The Influence of Emotion on Perception and Attention • Emotion and Decision Making • Emotion and Social Stimuli • Facial Expressions • Beyond the Face • Social Group Evaluation • Other Areas, Other Emotions • The Insular Cortex • Disgust • Happiness • Love • Get a Grip! Cognitive Control of Emotion

Chapter 11. Language • The Anatomy of Language and Language Deficits • Brain Damage and Language Deficits • Box 11.1 The Cognitive Neuroscientist’s Toolkit: Stimulation Mapping of the Human Brain • Box 11.2 Lessons From the Clinic: Genetic Foundations of Language • The Wernicke-Lichtheim Model of Brain and Language • The Fundamentals of Language in the Human Brain • Organization of the Mental Lexicon • Models of the Mental Lexicon • Neural Substrates of the Mental Lexicon • Box 11.3 Hot Science: Semantic Maps in the Brain • Language Comprehension: Early Steps • Spoken Input: Understanding Speech • Written Input: Reading Words • Language Comprehension: Later Steps • The Role of Context in Word Recognition • Integration of Words into Sentences • Semantic Processing and the N400 Wave • Syntactic Processing and the P600 Wave • Neural Models of Language Comprehension • Networks of the Left-Hemisphere Perisylvian Language System • Neural Models of Speech Production • Motor Control and Language Production • Psycholinguistic Models of Speech Production • Neural Substrates of Language Production • Evolution of Language • Shared Intentionality • Gesture and Communication • Left-Hemisphere Dominance and Specialization

 

Part III: Control Processes

Chapter 12. Cognitive Control • The Anatomy Behind Cognitive Control • Cognitive Control Deficits • Goal-Oriented Behavior • Cognitive Control Requires Working Memory • Prefrontal Cortex Is Necessary for Working Memory but Not Associative Memory • Physiological Correlates of Working Memory • Organization Principles of Prefrontal Cortex • Decision Making • Is It Worth It? Value and Decision Making • More Than One Type of Decision System? • Dopamine Activity and Reward Processing • Alternative Views of Dopamine Activity • Goal Planning: Staying on Task • Retrieval and Selection of Task-Relevant Information • Multitasking • The Benefits and Costs of Goal-Based Selection • Mechanisms of Goal-Based Selection • Prefrontal Cortex and Modulation of Processing • Inhibition of Action • Improving Cognitive Control Through Brain Training • Box 12.1 Hot Science: Should Grandma and Grandpa Start Gaming? • Ensuring That Goal-Oriented Behaviors Succeed • The Medial Frontal Cortex as a Monitoring System • How Does the Medial Frontal Cortex Monitor Processing in Cognitive Control Networks?

Chapter 13. Social Cognition • Anatomical Substrates of Social Cognition • Social Interactions and Development • Social Behavioral Deficits in Acquired and Neurodevelopmental Disorders • Socrates’s Imperative: Know Thyself • Self-Referential Processing • Self-Descriptive Personality Traits • Self-Reference as a Baseline Mode of Brain Function • Self-Perception as a Motivated Process • Predicting Our Future Mental State • Body Ownership and Embodiment • Box 13.1 Lessons From the Clinic: An Unwanted Limb • Understanding the Mental States of Others • Theory of Mind • Neural Correlates of Experience Sharing Theory (Simulation Theory) • Mirror Neurons • Empathy • Neural Correlates of Mental State Attribution Theory (Theory Theory) • Activity in the MPFC and Right TPJ • The Superior Temporal Sulcus: Integrating Nonverbal Cues and Mental States • Autism Spectrum Disorder and the Mental States of Others • Anatomical and Connectivity Differences in ASD • Theory of Mind in ASD • The Default Network in ASD • The Mirror Neuron Network in ASD • Social Knowledge • Representations of Social Knowledge • Using Social Knowledge to Make Decisions • Identifying Violators of Social Contracts • Moral Decisions

Chapter 14. The Consciousness Problem • The Mind-Brain Problem • The Anatomy of Consciousness • Levels of Arousal and Consciousness • Box 14.1 Lessons From the Clinic: A Life Worth Living • Arousal Regulation • The Organizational Architecture of Complex Systems • Layered Architecture • Multiple Realizability • Access to Information • The Extent of Nonconscious Processing • Shifting Processing from Conscious to Nonconscious Layers • The Contents of Conscious Experience • The Brain’s Interpreter and the Unified Feeling of Self • Can Mental States Affect Brain Processing? • Neurons, Neuronal Groups, and the Contents of Consciousness • Interpreting Confusing Findings From the Perspective of Layered Architecture • The Social Layer • The Contents of Animal Consciousness • Sentience • The Unexpected, Unpredictable Quantum World • The Principle of Complementarity • Sentience in Animals • Box 14.2 Hot Science: Bug Brains • Sentience Without a Cortex • Split-Brain Research as a Window Into Conscious Experience • A Proposal: Bubbles, Not a Network

 

Glossary

References

Credits

Index


About the Authors:

Michael S. Gazzaniga is Distinguished Professor and Director of the Sage Center for the Study of the Mind at the University of California, Santa Barbara. In his career, he has introduced thousands of students to psychology and cognitive neuroscience.

Richard B. Ivry is Professor of Psychology and Neuroscience at the University of California, Berkeley. He received his Ph.D. from the University of Oregon. His research focuses on the relationship of cognition and action, using the many methods of cognitive neuroscience. Dr. Ivry is a senior editor for the Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience and serves on the editorial boards of a number of other journals. Among his many honors, Dr. Ivry received the Troland Research Award from the National Academy of Sciences in 1997, and was elected a fellow of the Society of Experimental Psychologists in 2003 and the Association for Psychological Science in 2006.

George R. Mangun is Professor of Psychology and Neurology in the Center for Mind and Brain at the University of California, Davis. He received his Ph.D. from the University of California, San Diego. He was the founding director of the Center for Mind and Brain, and also of the Center for Cognitive Neuroscience at Duke University. In 1992, with Michael S. Gazzaniga and others, he founded the Cognitive Neuroscience Society. Dr. Mangun serves as an associate editor for the Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, and is Editor-in-Chief of the series The Neuroscience of Attention, published by Oxford University Press. He uses cognitive neuroscience tools in the study of brain attention mechanisms. He is a fellow of the Association for Psychological Science, and the American Association for the Advancement of Science.


Target Audience:

Student and academicians of psychology & neuroscience.

 

 
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