Title Earth, 6/e (International Student Edition)
Subtitle Portrait of a Planet
Author Stephen Marshak
ISBN 9780393640311
List price USD 146.00
Price outside India Available on Request
Original price
Binding Paperback
No of pages 1008
Book size 229 X 280 mm
Publishing year 2019
Original publisher W. W. Norton & Company
Published in India by .
Exclusive distributors Viva Books Private Limited
Sales territory India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Nepal, .
Status New Arrival
About the book


The most dynamic, hands-on introduction to physical geology.

The sixth edition of this bestselling textbook features stunning art, the most up-to-date science and a wealth of online learning tools, all developed under the critical eyes of Stephen Marshak. Heavily revised with remarkably detailed photographs, animations and maps, the text offers rich and engaging pedagogy, an expanded chapter on energy, and coverage of recent global events.



Prelude: And Just What Is Geology? • In Search of Ideas • Why Study Geology? • Themes of This Book • Geology At A Glance: The Earth System • Box P.1 Consider This: The Scientific Method • Prelude Review

Part I: Our Island In Space

Chapter 1. Cosmology and the Birth of the Earth • Introduction • An Image of Our Universe • Box 1.1 Science Tool Box: Force and Energy • Box 1.2 Consider This: Foucault’s Pendulum • Forming the Universe • Box 1.3 Science Tool Box: Matter and Energy • Box 1.4 Science Tool Box: Heat and Temperature • We Are All Made of Stardust • Geology At A Glance: Forming the Planets and the Earth-Moon System • Chapter Review

Chapter 2. Journey to the Center of the Earth • Introduction • Welcome to the Neighborhood • Box 2.1 Consider This: Comets and Asteroids: The Other Stuff of the Solar System • Basic Characteristics of the Earth • How Do We Know That the Earth Has Layers? •Box 2.2 Consider This: Meteorites: Clues to What’s Inside • What Are the Layers Made of? • Box 2.3 Science Tool Box: Heat Transfer • The Lithosphere and the Asthenosphere • Geology At A Glance: The Earth from Surface to Center • Chapter Review

Chapter 3. Drifting Continents and Spreading Seas • Introduction • Wegener’s Evidence for Continental Drift • The Discovery of Seafloor Spreading • Paleomagnetism—Proving Continental Drift and Seafloor Spreading • Box 3.1 Consider This: Finding Paleopoles • Geology At A Glance: Magnetic Reversals and Marine Magnetic Anomalies • Chapter Review

Chapter 4. The Way the Earth Works: Plate Tectonics • Introduction • What Do We Mean By Plate Tectonics? • Divergent Boundaries and Seafloor Spreading • Convergent Boundaries and Subductlon • Transform Boundaries • Special Locations In the Plate Mosaic • How Do Plate Boundaries Form, and How Do They Die? • Moving Plates • Geology At A Glance: The Theory of Plate Tectonics • Chapter Review

Part II: Earth Materials

Chapter 5. Patterns in Nature: Minerals • Introduction • What Is a Mineral? • Box 5.1 Science Tool Box: Some Basic Concepts from Chemistry: A Quick Review • Beauty in Patterns: Crystals and Their Structure • Geology At A Glance: Mineral Formation • How Can You Tell One Mineral from Another? • Organizing Knowledge: Mineral Classification • Box 5.2 Consider This: Asbestos and Health: When Crystal Habit Matters! • Something Precious: Gems! • Box 5.3 Consider This: Where Do Diamonds Come From? • Chapter Review

Interlude A: Introducing Rocks • Introduction • What Is Rock? • The Basis of Rock Classification • Studying Rock • Interlude A Review

Chapter 6. Up from the Inferno: Magma and Igneous Rocks • Introduction • Why Do Melts Form? • What’s in Molten Rock? • Movement and Solidification of Molten Rock • Box 6.1 Consider This: Bowen’s Reaction Series • Comparing Extrusive and Intrusive Environments • How Do You Describe an Igneous Rock? • Geology At A Glance: Formation of Igneous Rocks • Plate Tectonic Context of Igneous Activity • Chapter Review

Interlude B: A Surface Veneer: Sediments and Soils • Introduction • Weathering: Forming Sediment • Geology At A Glance: Weathering, Sediment, and Soil Production • Soil • Interlude B Review

Chapter 7. Pages of the Earth’s Past: Sedimentary Rocks • Introduction • Classes of Sedimentary Rocks • Sedimentary Structures • How Do We Recognize Depositional Environments? • Geology At A Glance: The Formation of Sedimentary Rocks • Sedimentary Basins • Chapter Review

Chapter 8. Metamorphism: A Process of Change • Introduction • Consequences and Causes of Metamorphism • Types of Metamorphic Rocks • Defining Metamorphic Intensity • Box 8.1 Consider This: Metamorphic Facies • Where Does Metamorphism Occur? • Box 8.2 Consider This: Pottery Making—An Analog for Thermal Metamorphism • Geology At A Glance: Environments of Metamorphism • Chapter Review

Interlude C: The Rock Cycle in the Earth System • Introduction • Rock Cycle Paths • Geology At A Glance: Rock-Forming Environments and the Rock Cycle • A Case Study of the Rock Cycle • Cycles of the Earth System • Interlude C Review

Part III: Tectonic Activity Of A Dynamic Planet
Chapter 9. The Wrath of Vulcan: Volcanic Eruptions • Introduction • The Products of Volcanic Eruptions • Structure and Eruptive Style • Geology At A Glance: Volcanoes • Box 9.1 Consider This: Explosive Eruptions to Remember • Geologic Settings of Volcanism • Beware: Volcanoes Are Hazards! • Protection from Vulcan’s Wrath • Effect of Volcanoes on Climate and Civilization • Volcanoes on Other Planets • Chapter Review

Chapter 10. A Violent Pulse: Earthquakes • Introduction • What Causes Earthquakes? • Geology At A Glance: Faulting in the Crust • Seismic Waves and Their Measurement • Defining the “Size” of Earthquakes • Where and Why Do Earthquakes Occur? • How Do Earthquakes Cause Damage? • Can We Predict the “Big One”? • Box 10.1 Consider This: The 2010 Haiti Catastrophe • Earthquake Engineering and Zoning • Box 10.2 Consider This: When Earthquake Waves Resonate—Beware! • Chapter Review

Interlude D: The Earth’s Interior, Revisited: Seismic Layering, Gravity, and the Magnetic Field • Introduction • The Basis for Seismic Study of the Earth’s Interior • Seismic Study of the Earth’s Interior • Box D.1 Consider This: Resolving the Details of the Earth’s Interior with EarthScope • The Earth’s Gravity • The Earth’s Magnetic Field, Revisited • Interlude D Review

Chapter 11. Crags, Cracks, and Crumples: Crustal Deformation and Mountain Building • Introduction • Rock Deformation in the Earth’s Crust • Brittle Structures • Box 11.1 Consider This: Describing the Orientation of Geologic Structures • Folds and Foliations • Causes of Mountain Building • Mountain Topography • Geology At A Glance: The Collision of India with Asia • Basins and Domes in Cratons • Life Story of a Mountain Range: A Case Study • Chapter Review

Part IV: History Before History
Interlude E: Memories of Past Life: Fossils and Evolution • The Discovery of Fossils • Fossilization • Characterizing Life of the Past • Box E.1 Consider This: Defining Life • Box E.2 Consider This: The Biosphere’s Biomass • Evolution and Extinction • Interlude E Review

Chapter 12. Deep Time: How Old Is Old? • Introduction • The Concept of Geologic Time • Box 12.1 Consider This: Time: A Human Obsession • Relative Age • Unconformities: Gaps In the Record • Stratigraphic Formations and Their Correlation • The Geologic Column • Geology At A Glance: The Record in Rocks: Reconstructing Geologic History • How Do We Determine Numerical Ages? • Box 12.2 Consider This: Carbon-14 Dating • Numerical Ages and Geologic Time • Chapter Review

Chapter 13. A Biography of the Earth • Introduction • Methods for Studying the Past • The Hadean Eon and Before • The Archean Eon: Birth of Continents and Life • The Proterozoic Eon: The Earth in Transition • Box 13.1 Consider This: Where Was the Cradle of Life? • The Paleozoic Era: Continents Reassemble and Life Gets Complex • Box 13.2 Consider This: The Evolution of Atmospheric Oxygen • Box 13.3 Consider This: Stratigraphic Sequences and Sea-Level Change • The Mesozoic Era: When Dinosaurs Ruled • The Cenozoic Era: The Modern World Comes to Be • Geology At A Glance: The Earth Has a History • Chapter Review

Part V: Earth Resources
Chapter 14. Squeezing Power from a Stone: Energy Resources • Introduction • Sources of Energy in the Earth System • Introducing Hydrocarbon Resources • Conventional Hydrocarbon Systems • Box 14.1 Consider This: Types of Oil and Gas Traps • Unconventional Hydrocarbon Reserves • Box 14.2 Consider This: Hydrofracturing (Fracking) • Coal: Energy from the Swamps of the Past • Nuclear Power • Other Energy Sources • Geology At A Glance: Power from the Earth • Energy Choices, Energy Problems • Box 14.3 Consider This: Offshore Drilling and the Deepwater Horizon Disaster • Chapter Review

Chapter 15. Riches in Rock: Mineral Resources • Introduction • Metals and Their Discovery • Ores, Ore Minerals, and Ore Deposits • Ore-Mineral Exploration and Production • Nonmetallic Mineral Resources • Box 15.1 Consider This: The Amazing Chilean Mine Rescue 2010 • Box 15.2 Consider This: The Sidewalks of New York • Geology At A Glance: Forming and Processing the Earth’s Mineral Resources • Global Mineral Needs • Chapter Review

Part VI: Processes And Problems At The Earth’s Surface
Interlude F: Ever-Changing Landscapes and the Hydrologic Cycle • Introduction • Shaping the Earth’s Surface • Box F.1 Consider This: Topographic Maps and Profiles • Factors Controlling Landscape Development • The Hydrologic Cycle • Geology At A Glance: The Hydrologic Cycle • Landscapes of Other Planets • Box F.2 Consider This: Water on Mars? • Interlude F Review

Chapter 16. Unsafe Ground: Landslides and Other Mass Movements • Introduction • Types of Mass Movement • Box 16.1 Consider This: What Goes Up Must Come Down • Why Do Mass Movements Occur? • Box 16.2 Consider This: The Storegga Slide and North Sea Tsunamis • Geology At A Glance: Mass Movement • Where Do Mass Movements Occur? • How Can We Protect against Mass-Movement Disasters? • Chapter Review

Chapter 17. Streams and Floods: The Geology of Running Water • Introduction • Draining the Land • Describing Flow in Streams • The Work of Running Water • How Do Streams Change along Their Length? • Streams and Their Deposits in the Landscape • The Evolution of Fluvial Landscapes • Raging Waters • Geology At A Glance: The Changing Landscape along a Stream • Box 17.1 Consider This: The Johnstown Flood of 1889 • Box 17.2 Consider This: Calculating the Threat Posed by Flooding • Vanishing Rivers • Chapter Review

Chapter 18. Restless Realm: Oceans and Coasts • Introduction • Landscapes beneath the Sea • Ocean Water Characteristics • Tides • Box 18.1 Consider This: The Forces That Generate Tides • Wave Action • Currents: Rivers in the Sea • Box 18.2 Consider This: A Closer Look at the Coriolis Effect • Where Land Meets Sea: Coastal Landforms • Causes of Coastal Variability • Geology At A Glance: Oceans and Coasts • Coastal Problems and Solutions • Chapter Review

Chapter 19. A Hidden Reserve: Groundwater • Introduction • Where Does Groundwater Reside? • Characteristics of the Water Table • Groundwater Flow • Tapping Groundwater Supplies • Box 19.1 Consider This: Darcy’s Law for Groundwater Flow • Box 19.2 Consider This: Oases • Hot Springs and Geysers • Groundwater Problems • Caves and Karst • Geology At A Glance: Caves and Karst Landscapes • Chapter Review

Chapter 20. An Envelope of Gas: The Earth’s Atmosphere and Climate • Introduction • The Formation of the Atmosphere • General Atmospheric Characteristics • Box 20.1 Consider This: Air Pollution • Box 20.2 Consider This: Why Is the Sky Blue? • Atmospheric Layers • Wind and Global Circulation in the Atmosphere • Box 20.3 Consider This: The Earth’s Tilt: The Cause of Seasons • Weather and Its Causes • Storms: Nature’s Fury • Geology At A Glance: Life Cycle of a Large Tornado • Global Climate • Chapter Review

Chapter 21. Dry Regions: The Geology of Deserts • Introduction • The Nature and Location of Deserts • Producing Desert Landscapes • Deposition in Deserts • Desert Landforms and Life • Box 21.1 Consider This: Uluru (Ayers Rock) • Geology At A Glance: The Desert Realm • Desert Problems • Chapter Review

Chapter 22. Amazing Ice: Glaciers and Ice Ages • Introduction • Ice and the Nature of Glaciers • Box 22.1 Consider This: Polar Ice Caps on Mars • Carving and Carrying by Ice • Deposition Associated with Glaciation • Consequences of Continental Glaciation • Geology At A Glance: Glaciers and Glacial Landforms • The Pleistocene Ice Age • Box 22.2 Consider This: So You Want to See Glaciation? • The Causes of Ice Ages • Chapter Review

Chapter 23. Global Change in the Earth System • Introduction • Unidirectional Changes • Cyclic Changes • Global Climate Change • Box 23.1 Consider This: Global Climate Change and the Birth of Legends • Box 23.2 Consider This: Goldilocks and the Faint Young Sun • Human Impact on Land and Life • Recent Climate Change • The Future of the Earth • Geology At A Glance: Consequences of Sea-Level Change • Chapter Review

Metric Conversion Chart

The Periodic Table of Elements




About the Author:

Stephen Marshak is a professor of geology at the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, where he also serves as the Director of the School of Earth, Society, and Environment. He holds an A.B. from Cornell University, an M.S. from the University of Arizona, and a Ph.D. from Columbia University. Steve’s research interests lie in structural geology and tectonics, and he has participated in field projects on a number of continents. Steve loves teaching and has won his college’s and university’s highest teaching awards. He also received the 2012 Neil Miner Award from the National Association of Geoscience Teachers (NAGT), for “exceptional contributions to the stimulation of interest in the Earth Sciences.” In addition to research papers and Earth: Portrait of a Planet, Steve has authored Essentials of Geology, he has co-authored Earth Science; and Laboratory Manual for Introductory Geology; Earth Structure: An Introduction to Structural Geology and Tectonics, and Basic Methods of Structural Geology.

Target Audience:

Students and academicians of geology.


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