Title Psychological Science, 6/e (International Student Edition)
Subtitle
Author Michael S. Gazzaniga
ISBN 9780393640403
List price USD 153.00
Price outside India Available on Request
Original price
Binding Paperback
No of pages 832
Book size 216 x 279 mm
Publishing year 2018
Original publisher W. W. Norton & Company
Published in India by .
Exclusive distributors Viva Books Private Limited
Sales territory India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Nepal, .
Status New Arrival
About the book
  
 

Description:

The best presentation of the science and applications of psychology.

Psychological Science, Sixth Edition, reflects three foundational goals:

  • to present psychology as a research-based science;
  • to help students become better critical and scinetific thinkers; and
  • to show how course concepts apply to daily life and future careers.

 

Drawing on teaching and learning research, the Sixth Edition provides new tools to improve students’ reading, focus and self-assessment. Chapters are now divided into brief “study units”, each of which concludes with a self-test question to increase comprehension. NEW “Putting Psychology to Work” features show students how to apply psychology concepts to future careers.

Every print copy of the text also includes access to the ebook, InQuizitive (Norton’s formative, adaptive learning tool), and ZAPS, our online psychology labs.


Contents:

Preface

Acknowledgments

Instructor Resources

Chapter 1. The Science of Psychology • What Is Psychological Science? • Psychological Science Is the Study of Mind, Brain, and Behavior • Psychological Science Teaches Critical Thinking • Psychological Science Helps Us Understand Biased or Inaccurate Thinking • THINK LIKE A PSYCHOLOGIST • Why Are People Unaware of Their Weaknesses? • What Are the Scientific Foundations of Psychology? • Many Psychological Questions Have a Long History • Experimental Psychology Initially Focused on the Structure, Not the Function, of Mental Activity • Different Schools of Thought Reflected Different Perspectives on Mind, Brain, and Behavior • What Are the Latest Developments in Psychology? • Biology Is Increasingly Emphasized in Explaining Psychological Phenomena • Evolutionary Thinking Is Increasingly Influential • Culture Provides Adaptive Solutions • Psychological Science Now Crosses Levels of Analysis • Subfields in Psychology Focus on Different Levels of Analysis • USING PSYCHOLOGY IN YOUR LIFE • Will Psychology Benefit You in Your Career? • Your Chapter Review

Chapter 2. Research Methodology • How Is the Scientific Method Used in Psychological Research? • Science Has Four Primary Goals • The Scientific Method Is Cyclical • Evaluating Scientific Findings Requires Critical Thinking • The Scientific Method Tests Hypotheses •What Types of Studies Are Used in Psychological Research? • Descriptive Research Consists of Case Studies, Observation, and Self-Report Methods • Descriptive Studies Need to Guard Against Bias • Correlational Studies Describe and Predict How Variables Are Related • The Experimental Method Controls and Explains • Participants Need to Be Carefully Selected and Randomly Assigned to Conditions • What Are the Ethics Governing Psychological Research? • There Are Ethical Issues to Consider in Research with Human Participants • There Are Ethical Issues to Consider in Research with Animals • USING PSYCHOLOGY IN YOUR LIFE • Should You Participate in Psychological Research? How Are Data Analyzed and Evaluated? • Good Research Requires Valid, Reliable, and Accurate Data • Descriptive Statistics Provide a Summary of the Data • The Correlation Coefficient Summarizes the Relationships Between Variables • Inferential Statistics Permit Generalizations • THINK LIKE A PSYCHOLOGIST Should You Bet on a Hot Hand? • Your Chapter Review

Chapter 3. Biology and Behavior • How Does the Nervous System Operate? • Neurons Are the Basic Units of the Nervous System • Action Potentials Produce Neural Communication • Neurotransmitters Influence Mental Activity and Behavior What Are the Basic Brain Structures and Their Functions? • The Ability to Study Brain Function Has Improved Dramatically • The Brain Stem Houses the Basic Programs of Survival • Subcortical Structures Control Emotions and Appetitive Behaviors • The Cerebral Cortex Underlies Complex Mental Activity • Splitting the Brain Splits the Mind • THINK LIKE A PSYCHOLOGIST Are There “Left Brain” and “Right Brain” Types of People? • How Does the Brain Communicate with the Body • The Peripheral Nervous System Includes the Somatic and Autonomic Systems • The Endocrine System Communicates Through Hormones • How Does the Brain Change? • The Brain Rewires Itself Throughout Life • The Brain Can Recover from Injury • USING PSYCHOLOGY IN YOUR LIFE • Will a Learning Disability Prevent You from Succeeding in College? • What Is the Genetic Basis of Psychological Science? • All of Human Development Has a Genetic Basis • Heredity Involves Passing Along Genes Through Reproduction • Genes Affect Behavior • Genetic Expression Can Be Modified • Your Chapter Review

Chapter 4. Consciousness • What Is Consciousness? • Brain Activity Gives Rise to Consciousness • Consciousness Changes Following Brain Injury • Conscious Awareness Involves Attention • THINK LIKE A PSYCHOLOGIST • Are People Affected by Subliminal Messages? • What Is Sleep? • Sleep Is an Altered State of Consciousness • Sleep Disorders Interfere with Daily Life • Sleep Is an Adaptive Behavior • People Dream While Sleeping • USING PSYCHOLOGY IN YOUR LIFE • How Can You Get a Good Night’s Sleep? • What Is Altered Consciousness? • Hypnosis Is Induced Through Suggestion • Meditation Produces Relaxation • People Can Lose Themselves in Activities • How Do Drugs Affect Consciousness? • Drugs Alter Brain Neurochemistry • People Use-and Abuse-Many Psychoactive Drugs • Alcohol Abuse Is Responsible for Many Societal Problems • Addiction Has Physical and Psychological Aspects • Your Chapter Review

Chapter 5. Sensation and Perception • How Does Perception Emerge from Sensation? • Sensory Information Is Translated into Meaningful Signals • Detection Requires a Certain Amount of the Stimulus • The Brain Constructs Stable Representations • THINK LIKE A PSYCHOLOGIST • Does ESP Exist? How Are We Able to See? • Sensory Receptors in the Eye Transmit Visual Information to the Brain • The Color of Light Is Determined by Its Wavelength • Perceiving Objects Requires Organization of Visual Information • Perception Is Guided by Cues in the Environment • How Are We Able to Hear? • Audition Results from Changes in Air Pressure • Pitch Is Encoded by Frequency and Location • USING PSYCHOLOGY IN YOUR LIFE • Are Your Listening Habits Damaging Your Hearing? • How Are We Able to Taste? • There Are Five Basic Taste Sensations • How Are We Able to Smell? • Smell Detects Odorants • How Are We Able to Feel Touch and Pain? • The Skin Contains Sensory Receptors for Touch and Pain • Your Chapter Review •

Chapter 6. Learning • How Do We Learn? • Learning Results from Experience • Habituation and Sensitization Are Models of Nonassociative Learning • How Do We Learn Predictive Associations? • Behavioral Responses Are Conditioned • Learning Is Acquired and Persists Until Extinction • Learning Is Based on Evolutionary Significance • Learning Involves Expectancies and Prediction • Phobias and Addictions Have Learned Components • How Do Consequences of an Action Shape Behavior? • Operant Condition Involves Active Learning • THINK LIKE A PSYCHOLOGIST • How Do Superstitions Start? • There Are Many Types of Reinforcement • Operant Conditioning Is Influenced by Schedules of Reinforcement • Punishment Decreases Behavior • USING PSYCHOLOGY IN YOUR LIFE • How Can Behavior Modification Help You Get in Shape? • Biology and Cognition Influence Operant Conditioning • Dopamine Activity Underlies Reinforcement • How Do We Learn from Watching Others? • Learning Can Occur Through Observation and Imitation • Watching Violence in Media May Encourage Aggression • Fear Can Be Learned Through Observation • Mirror Neurons Are Activated by Watching Others • Your Chapter Review

Chapter 7. Memory • What Is Memory? • Memory Involves Processing Information • Memory Is the Result of Brain Activity • Memory Is Distributed Throughout the Brain • How Are Memories Maintained over Time’? • Sensory Memory Is Brief • Working Memory Is Active • Long-Term Memory Is Relatively Permanent • How Is Information Organized in Long-Term Memory, • Long-Term Storage Is Based on Meaning • Information Is Stored in Association Networks • USING PSYCHOLOGY IN YOUR LIFE • Can You Ace Exams Without Cramming? What Are the Different Long-Term Memory Systems? • Explicit Memory Involves Conscious Effort • Implicit Memory Occurs Without Deliberate Effort • How Is Memory Flawed? • Forgetting Is an Inability to Remember • Persistence Is Unwanted Remembering • People Reconstruct Events to Be Consistent • People Make Source Misattributions • Suggestibility Biases Memory • THINK LIKE A PSYCHOLOGIST • How Accurate Are Eyewitnesses? • Your Chapter Review

Chapter 8. Thinking, Language, and Intelligence • What Is Thought? • Thinking Involves Two Types of Mental Representations • Concepts Are Symbolic Representations • Schemas Organize Useful Information About Environments • How Do We Make Decisions and Solve Problems? • Decision Making Often Involves Heuristics • Emotions Influence Decision Making • THINK LIKE A PSYCHOLOGIST • Why Is It Hard to Resist a Sale? • Problem Solving Achieves Goals • USING PSYCHOLOGY IN YOUR LIFE • How Can You Make Good Choices • What Is Language? • Language Is a System of Communication Using Sounds and Symbols • Language Develops in an Orderly Way • There Is an Inborn Capacity for Language • Reading Needs to Be Learned • How Do We Understand Intelligence? • Intelligence Is Measured with Standardized Tests • General Intelligence Involves Multiple Components • Intelligence Is Related to Cognitive Performance • Genes and Environment Influence Intelligence • Group Differences in Intelligence Have Multiple Determinants • Your Chapter Review

Chapter 9. Human Development • What Factors Shape Infancy? • Human Development Starts in the Womb • Biology and Environment Influence Motor Development • Infants Are Prepared to Learn • THINK LIKE A PSYCHOLOGIST • Does Mozart Make You Smarter? • Infants Develop Attachments • How Do Children Learn About the World? • Piaget Emphasized Stages of Cognitive Development • Piaget Underestimated Children’s Cognitive Abilities • Children Learn from Interacting with Others • Moral Development Begins in Childhood • What Changes During Adolescence`, • Puberty Causes Physical Changes • A Sense of Identity Forms • Peers and Parents Help Shape the Adolescent Self • What Brings Meaning in Adulthood? • Adults Are Affected by Life Transitions • USING PSYCHOLOGY IN YOUR LIFE • Would Parenthood Make You Happy? • The Transition to Old Age Can Be Satisfying • Cognition Changes with Age • Your Chapter Review

Chapter 10. Emotion and Motivation • What Are Emotions? • Emotions Vary in Valence and Arousal • Emotions Have a Physiological Component • THINK LIKE A PSYCHOLOGIST Are Lie Detector Tests Valid? • There Are Three Major Theories of Emotion • USING PSYCHOLOGY IN YOUR LIFE • How Can You Control Your Emotions? • How Are Emotions Adaptive, • Facial Expressions Communicate Emotion • Emotions Strengthen Interpersonal Relations • How Are People Motivated? • Drives Motivate the Satisfaction of Needs • People Are Motivated by Incentives • People Set Goals to Achieve • People Have a Need to Belong • What Motivates Eating, • Many Physiological Factors Influence Eating • Eating Is Influenced by Time and Taste • What Motivates Sexual Behavior? • Biology Influences Sexual Behavior • Cultural Scripts and Cultural Rules Shape Sexual Interactions • People Differ in Sexual Orientations • Your Chapter Review

Chapter 11. Health and Well-Being • What Affects Health? • Social Context, Biology, and Behavior Combine to Affect Health • Obesity Has Many Health Consequences • Dieting Is Seldom Effective and May Contribute to Eating Disorders • Smoking Is a Leading Cause of Death • Exercise Has Numerous Benefits • THINK LIKE A PSYCHOLOGIST • Why Are People Afraid of Flying but Not of Driving (or Smoking)? • What Is Stress, • Stress Is a Response to Life Events • Stress Has Physiological Components • There Are Sex Differences in How People Respond to Stressors • How Does Stress Affect Health, • Stress Disrupts the Immune System • Stress Increases the Risk of Heart Disease • Coping Reduces the Negative Health Effects of Stress • Can a Positive Attitude Keep People Healthy? • Being Positive Has Health Benefits • Social Support Is Associated with Good Health • USING PSYCHOLOGY IN YOUR LIFE • Can Psychology Improve Your Health, • Your Chapter Review

Chapter 12. Social Psychology • How Does Group Membership Affect People? • People Favor Their Own Groups • Groups Influence Individual Behavior • People Conform to and Comply with Others • THINK LIKE A PSYCHOLOGIST • Can Social Norms Marketing Reduce Binge Drinking? • People Are Obedient to Authority • When Do People Harm or Help Others? • Many Factors Can Influence Aggression • Many Factors Can Influence Helping Behavior • Cooperation Can Reduce Outgroup Bias • How Do Attitudes Guide Behavior? • People Form Attitudes Through Experience and Socialization • Discrepancies Lead to Dissonance • Attitudes Can Be Changed Through Persuasion • How Do People Think About Others? • People Make Judgments About Others • Stereotypes Can Lead to Prejudice and Discrimination • Prejudice Can Be Reduced • What Determines the Quality of Relationships? • Situational and Personal Factors Influence Interpersonal Attraction and Friendships • Love Is an Important Component of Romantic Relationships • USING PSYCHOLOGY IN YOUR LIFE • How Can Psychology Rekindle the Romance in Your Relationship? • Your Chapter Revie

Chapter 13. Personality • Where Does Personality Come From, • Genetic Factors Influence the Development of Personality • Temperaments Are Evident in Infancy • What Are the Theories of Personality, • Psychodynamic Theories Emphasize Unconscious and Dynamic Processes • Personality Reflects Learning and Cognition • Humanistic Approaches Emphasize Integrated Personal Experience • Trait Approaches Describe Behavioral Dispositions • Traits Have a Biological Basis • How Stable Is Personality, • People Sometimes Are Inconsistent • Development and Life Events Alter Personality Traits • Culture Influences Personality • How Is Personality Assessed? • Researchers Use Multiple Methods to Assess Personality • Observers Show Accuracy in Trait Judgments • USING PSYCHOLOGY IN YOUR LIFE • What Personality Traits Should You Look for in a Roommate? • How Do We Know Our Own Personalities? • Our Self-Concepts Consist of Self-Knowledge • Perceived Social Regard Influences Self-Esteem • People Use Mental Strategies to Maintain a Positive Sense of Self • THINK LIKE A PSYCHOLOGIST • Are There Cultural Differences in the Self-Serving Bias? • Your Chapter Review

Chapter 14. Psychological Disorders • How Are Psychological Disorders Conceptualized and Classified? • Views on Psychopathology Have Changed over Time • Psychological Disorders Are Classified into Categories • Psychological Disorders Have Many Causes • Psychological Disorders Vary by Sex and by Culture • Which Disorders Emphasize Emotional States? • Anxiety Disorders Make People Fearful and Tense • Unwanted and Intrusive Thoughts Increase Anxiety • Depressive Disorders Consist of Sad, Empty, or Irritable Moods • Bipolar Disorders Involve Depression and Mania • USING PSYCHOLOGY IN YOUR LIFE • You Think Your Friend Might Be Suicidal. What Should You Do? • Which Disorders Emphasize Thought Disturbances? • Dissociative Disorders Are Disruptions in Memory, Awareness, and Identity • Schizophrenia Involves a Disconnection from Reality • The Cause of Schizophrenia Involves Biological and Environmental Factors • What Are Personality Disorders? • Personality Disorders Are Maladaptive Ways of Relating to the World • Borderline Personality Disorder Is Associated with Poor Self-Control • Antisocial Personality Disorder Is Associated with a Lack of Empathy • Which Psychological Disorders Are Prominent in Childhood? • Autistic Spectrum Disorder Involves Social Deficits and Restricted Interests • THINK LIKE A PSYCHOLOGIST • Why Do People Believe Vaccinations Cause Autism? • Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Is a Disruptive Impulse Control Disorder • Your Chapter Review

Chapter 15. Treatment of Psychological Disorders • How Are Psychological Disorders Treated? • Various Methods Have Been Used to Treat Psychopathology • Psychodynamic Therapy Seeks to Reduce Unconscious Conflicts • Behavioral and Cognitive Treatments Aim to Change Behavior, Emotion, or Thought Directly • The Context of Therapy Matters • Medication Is Effective for Certain Disorders • Alternative Biological Treatments Are Used in Extreme Cases • Effectiveness of Treatment Is Determined by Empirical Evidence • Various Providers Can Assist in Treatment for Psychological Disorders • USING PSYCHOLOGY IN YOUR LIFE • How Do You Find a Therapist Who Can Help You? • What Are the Most Effective Treatments? • Treatments That Focus on Behavior and on Cognition Are Superior for Anxiety Disorders • Both Antidepressants and CBT Are Effective for Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder • Many Effective Treatments Are Available for Depressive Disorders • THINK LIKE A PSYCHOLOGIST • Should You Trust Studies Sponsored by Drug Companies? • Lithium and Atypical Antipsychotics Are Most Effective for Bipolar Disorder • Antipsychotics Are Superior for Schizophrenia • Can Personality Disorders Be Treated° • Dialectical Behavior Therapy Is Most Successful for Borderline Personality Disorder • Antisocial Personality Disorder Is Extremely Difficult to Treat • How Should Childhood and Adolescent Disorders Be Treated? • Children with ADHD Can Benefit from Various Approaches • Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder Benefit from Structured Behavioral Treatment • The Use of Medication to Treat Adolescent Depressive Disorders Is Controversial • Your Chapter Review

 

Glossary

References

Practice Tests

Permissions Acknowledgments

Bonne Index

Subject Index


About the Authors:

Michael S. Gazzaniga is Professor and Director of the Sage Center for the Study of the Mind at the University of California, Santa Barbara. He founded and presides over the Cognitive Neuroscience Institute and is founding editor-inchief of the Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience. He is past president of the Asssociation for Psychological Science and a member of the National Academy of Arts and Sciences, the National Academy of Medicine, and the National ACAdemy of Sviences. He has held positions at the University of California, Santa Barbara; New York University; the State University of New York, Stony Brook; Cornell University Medical College; and the University of California. Davis. In his career, he has introduced thousands of students to psychology and cognitive neuroscience. He has written many notables books, including most recently, Tales from Both Sides of the Brain and The Consciousness Instinct.


Target Audience:

Student and academicians of Psychology.

 

 
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