Title World Politics, 4/e (International Student Edition)
Subtitle Interests, Interactions, Institutions
Author Jeffry A. Frieden, David A. Lake, Kenneth A. Schultz
ISBN 9780393675122
List price USD 110.00
Price outside India Available on Request
Original price
Binding Paperback
No of pages 720
Book size 204 X 254 mm
Publishing year 2018
Original publisher W. W. Norton & Company
Published in India by .
Exclusive distributors Viva Books Private Limited
Sales territory India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Nepal, .
Status New Arrival
About the book


The analytical framework instructors love—and the help students need applying it.

With a framework based on interests, interactions and institutions, World Politics gives students the tools to understand international relations. In the thoroughly updated Fourth Edition, new Controversy units provide models for applying the concepts in each chapter to real-world issues and events. New InQuizitive activities—created and tested by instructors who teach with World Politics—then invite students to practise applying the analytical tools from the text to alternative examples and cases.



Plan of the Book

Pedagogical Features: Applying the Concepts


Introduction • What Is World Politics and Why Do We Study It? • Puzzles in Search of Explanations • The Framework: Interests, Interactions, and Institutions • Levels of Analysis • Integrating Insights from Realism, Liberalism, and Constructivism • Thinking Analytically about World Politics • Study Tool Kit

Part One: Foundations

Chapter 1: What Shaped Our World? A Historical Introduction • Thinking Analytically about What Shaped Our World • The Emergence of International Relations: The Mercantilist Era • HOW DO WE KNOW? Mercantilism and the 13 Colonies • WHAT SHAPED OUR WORLD? Colonialists and the Colonized • The Pax Britannica • The Hundred Years’ Peace • Free Trade • The Gold Standard • Colonial Imperialism • The Thirty Years’ Crisis • Tension in Europe • World War I and Its Effects • Interwar Instability • World War II • The Cold War • The Superpowers Emerge • The Blocs Consolidate • Decolonization • The Rise of the Third World • The Cold War Thaws • The Age of Globalization • The Cold War Ends • Worldwide Economic Developments • Challenges to the New World • What Will Shape Our World in the Future? • America’s Role in the World • Globalization • Looking Ahead • Study Tool Kit

Chapter 2 Understanding Interests, Interactions, and Institutions • Thinking Analytically about Interests, Interactions, and Institutions Interests: What Do Actors Want from Politics? • Actors and Interests • WHAT SHAPED OUR WORLD? The Rise of the State • Interactions: Why Can’t Actors Always Get What They Want? • Cooperation and Bargaining • When Can Actors Cooperate? • Who Wins and Who Loses in Bargaining? • Institutions: Do Rules Matter in World Politics? • How Do Institutions Affect Cooperation? • HOW DO WE KNOW? The International Diffusion of Election Monitoring • Whom Do Institutions Benefit? • Why Follow the Rules? • Conclusion: Explaining World Politics • Study Tool Kit • SPECIAL TOPIC: A Primer on Game Theory

Part Two: War and Peace

Chapter 3: Why Are There Wars? • Thinking Analytically about Why Wars Happen • What Is the Purpose of War? • Interests at War: What Do States Fight Over? • Bargaining and War • Compellence and Deterrence: Varieties of Coercive Bargaining • Do Wars Happen by Mistake? War from Incomplete Information • CONTROVERSY: Can We Negotiate with North Korea? • Incentives to Misrepresent and the Problem of Credibilty • Communicating Resolve: The Language of Coercion • Can an Adversary Be Trusted to Honor a Deal? War from Commitment Problems • Bargaining over Goods That Are a Source of Future Bargaining Power • Prevention: War in Response to Changing Power • Preemption: War in Response to Fear of Attack • HOW DO WE KNOW? Bargaining and the Duration of War • WHAT SHAPED OUR WORLD? Prevention and Preemption in World War I • Is Compromise Always Possible? War from Indivisibility • Has War Become Obsolete? • Changing Interests: Declining Conflict over Territory • Changing Interactions: The Risisng Costs of War • Changing Institutions: Democracy and International Organizations • Conclusion: Why War? • Study Tool Kit

Chapter 4 : Domestic Politics and War • Thinking Analytically about Domestic Politics and WarWhose Interests Count in Matters of War and Peace? • National versus Particularistic Interests • Interactions, Institutions, and Influence • Do Politicians Spark Wars Abroad in Order to Hold On to Power at Home? • What Do Leaders Want? • The Rally Effect and the Diversionary Incentive • Do Leaders “Wag the Dog”? • The Political Costs of War • Do Countries Fight Wars to Satisfy the Military or Special Interest Groups? • Bureaucratic Politics and the Military • WHAT SHAPED OUR WORLD? The Kargil War and Military Influence in War • Interest Groups: Economic and Ethnic Lobbies • How Can Small Groups Have a Big Influence on Policy? • How Do Domestic Interests Affect International Bargaining? • Why Don’t Democracies Fight One Another? • What Is Democracy? • Representation, Accountability, and Interests in War and Peace • Democracy and the Bargaining Interaction • Does Democracy Cause Peace? • Conclusion: What if All the World Were Democratic • CONTROVERSY: Should We Prefer a Friendly Dictator or a Hostile Democracy? • Study Tool Kit

Chapter 5: International Institutions and War • Thinking Analytically about International Institutions and War Alliances: Why Promise to Fight Someone Else’s War? • Interests and Alliances • Alliances and Interstate Bargaining • How Alliances Establish Credibility • Why Aren’t Alliance Commitments Ironclad? • Analyzing the European Alliance System, 1879-1990 • Collective Security: When Can the UN Keep the Peace? • WHAT SHAPED OUR WORLD? The Future of NATO • How Does Collective Security Work? • The Dilemmas of Collective Security • Institutional Responses to the Challenges of Collective Security • The Experience of Collective Security: The United Nations • CONTROVERSY: Should Outsiders Intervene Militarily to stop Humanitarian Crisis? • HOW DO WE KNOW? Does Peacekeeping Keep the Peace? • Conclusion: Are Poor Police Better than None? • Study Tool Kit

Chapter 6: Violence by Nonstate Actors: Civil War and Terrorism • Thinking Analytically about Civil War and Terrorism • The Relationship between Civil War and Terrorism • Why Does War Occur within States? • Why Rebel? • When Does Dissatisfaction Lead to Armed Opposition? • CONTROVERSY: Should Every Group Hare a State of Its Own? • WHAT SHAPED OUR WORLD? The Rise of the Islamic State • Civil War as a Bargaining Failure • Insurgency and Counterinsurgency: The Strategies of Civil War • What Can Be Done about Civil War? • Terrorism: Why Kill Civilians? • Are Terrorists Rational? • Why Terrorism? • Terrorism as a Bargaining Failure • How Can Terrorists Hope to Win? Strategies of Violence • HOW DO WE KNOW? Does Terrorism Work? • Can Terrorism Be Prevented? • Conclusion: A Challenge to States? • Study Tool Kit

Part Three: International Political Economy

Chapter 7: International Trade • Thinking Analytically about International TradeWhat’s So Good about Trade? • Why Do Countries Trade What They Trade? • Trade Restrictions Are the Rule, Not the Exception • Why Do Governments Restrict Trade? The Domestic Political Economy of Protection • Winners and Losers in International Trade • Economic Interests and Trade Policy • Domestic Institutions and Trade Policy • Costs, Benefits, and Compensation in National Trade Policies • How Do Countries Get What They Want? The International Political Economy of Trade • Strategic Interaction in International Trade Relations • WHAT SHAPED OUR WORLD? The Single European Market: From Creation to Crisis and Beyond • International Institutions in International Trade • Explaining Trends and Patterns in International Trade • Why, within a Country, Are Some Industries Protected and Some Not? • Why Have National Trade Policies Varied over Time? • CONTROVERSY: What Should Be Done When International Trade Harms Workers • Why Do Some Countries Have Higher Trade Barriers than Others? • HOW DO WE KNOW? Why the Move to Free Trade in Developing Countries? • Why Has the World Trading Order Been More or Less Open at Different Times? • Conclusion: Trade and Politics • Study Tool Kit • SPECIAL TOPIC: Comparative Advantage and the Political Economy of Trade 

Chapter 8: International Financial Relations • Thinking Analytically about International Finance How and Why Do People Invest Overseas? • Why Invest Abroad? Why Borrow Abroad? • What’s the Problem with Foreign Investment? • Concessional Finance • Why Is International Finance Controversial? • Who Wants to Borrow? Who Wants to Lend? • Debtor-Creditor Interactions • Institutions of International Finance • CONTROVERSY: Is the IMF Biased against Developing Countries? • WHAT SHAPED OUR WORLD? The Latin American Debt Crisis • A New Crisis Hits the United Stares—and the World • Foreign Direct Investment: What Role Do Multinational Corporations Play? • Why Do Corporations Go Multinational? • Why Do Countries Let Foreign Multinationals In? • Host-Country Interactions with MNCs • Why Aren’t There International Institutions Related to FDI? • International Migration: What Happens When People—Rather than Capital—Move across Borders? • HOW DO WE KNOW? Explaining Public Opinion on Immigration • Conclusion: The Politics of International Investment • Study Tool Kit

Chapter 9: International Monetary Relations • Thinking Analytically about International Monetary RelationsWhat Are Exchange Rates, and Why Do They Matter? • How Am Currency Values Determined? • Allowing the Exchange Rate to Change • Who Cares about Exchange Rates, and Why? • Governments • Consumers and Businesses • CONTROVERSY: Should Countries Be Allowed to Manipulate Their Currencies? • International Politics and International Monetary Relations• International Monetary Cooperation and Conflict • International Monetary Regimes • A Short History of International Monetary Systems • WHAT SHAPED OUR WORLD? The Wizard of Oz and the Gold Standard • Regional Monetary Arrangements: The Euro • What Happens When Currencies Collapse? • Effects on Government • International Repercussions • HOW DO WE KNOW? Devaluation or Depression in the European Union • Containing Currency Crises • Conclusion: Currencies, Conflict, and Cooperation • Study Tool Kit

Chapter 10: Development: Causes of the Wealth and Poverty of Nations • Thinking Analytically about Development • If Everyone Wants Development, Why Is It So Hard to Achieve? • Geographic Location • WHAT SHAPED OUR WORLD? Paths to Development • Domestic Factors • Domestic Institutions • HOW DO WE KNOW? Explaining Developmental Differences: North and South America • How Do Rich Countries Affect th Developing World? • Did Colonialism Hamper Development? • How Does the International Economy Affect LDCs? • Are International Institutions Biased against LDCs? • Development Policies and Development Politics • Import-Substituting Industrialization • Export-Oriented Industrialization • The Turn toward Globalization • Attempts to Remedy the Bias of International Institutions • Is Foreign Aid an Answer? • CONTROVERSY: What Helps the Global Poor Best: Aids or Trade? • Conclusion: Toward Global Development • Addressing International Factors • Addressing Domestic Factors • Study Tool Kit

Part Four: Transnational Politics

Chapter 11 : International Law and Norms • Thinking Analytically about International Law and Norms • What Is International Law? • How Is International Law Made? • WHAT SHAPED OUR WORLD? Crimes against Humanity • Is All International Law the Same? • Does International Law Matter? • What Are International Norms? • How Are International Norms Created? • CONTROVERSY: Toys Made for Children, by Children • Do Norms Matter? • Beyond Norms: TANs and International Cooperation • Conclusion: Can States Be Constrained? • Study Tool Kit •

Chapter 12: Human Rights • Thinking Analytically about Human Rights • What Are International Human Rights? • Why Are International Human Rights? • WHAT SHAPED OUR WORLD? The Asian Values Debate • Are Some Rights More Important than Others? • CONTROVERSY: Should Economic Sanctions Be Imposed on Governments That Violate Haman Rights? • Why Do Individuals and States Care about the Human Rights of Others? • Why Do States Violate Human Rights? • Why Do States Sign Human Rights Agreements? • Do States Observe International Human Rights Law? • Does International Human Rights Law Make a Difference? • HOW DO WE KNOW? Measuring Human Rights Practices • What Can Lead to Better Protection of International Human Rights? • When Do States Take Action on Human Rights? • Will Protection of Human Rights Improve in the Future? • Conclusion: Why Protect Human Rights? • Study Tool Kit

Chapter 13: The Global Environment • Thinking Analytically about the Global Environment • Why Are Good Intentions Not Good Enough? • Collective Action and the Environment • Solving Collective Action Problems • WHAT SHAPED OUR WORLD? The Montreal Protocol and the Protection of the Ozone Layer • Why Do Polluters Usually Win? • HOW DO WE KNOW? Climate Change and Conflict • Domestic Winners and Losers • International Winners and Losers • CONTROVERSY: Who Should Bear the Costs of Addressing Global Climate Change? • Bagaining over the Future Environment • How Can Institutions Promote International Environmental Cooperation? • Setting Standards and Verifying Compliance • Facilitating Decision Making • Resolving Disputes • Conclusion: Can Global Environmental Cooperation Succeed? • Study Tool Kit


Part Five: Looking Ahead

Chapter 14 : Challenges to the Global Order • Thinking Analytically about the Future of World Politics • The Postwar Order and Its Challenges • Can the Spread of WHD Be Stopped? • What Do Theory and History Tell Us? • Preventing the Spread of WMD • What Shaped Our World? The Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty • Will China and the United States Fight for Global Leadership? • What Do Theory and History Tell Us? • A Coming Showdown or Peaceful Engagement? • What Will the United States Do? • Will Globalization Survive the Populist Backlash? • What Do Theory and History Tell Us? • Economic Costs of Globalization • The Rise of the Populists • HOW DO WE KNOW? Why Do States Build Border Walss? • Backlash and the International Trading System • Conclusion: Can Common Interests Prevail? • Study Tool Kit





About the Authors:

Jeffry A. Frieden is Professor of Government at Harvard University. He specializes in the politics of international monetary and financial relations. Frieden is the author of Currency Politics: The Political Economy of Exchange Rate Politics and (with Menzie Chinn) of Lost Decades: The Making of America’s Debt Crisis and the Long Recovery. His previous books include Global Capitalism: Its Fall and Rise in the Twentieth Century; Debt, Development, and Democracy: Modern Political Economy and Latin America, 1965–1985; and Banking on the World: The Politics of American International Finance. He is also the co-author or co-editor of many other books on related topics. His articles on the politics of international economic issues have appeared in a wide variety of scholarly and general interest publications.

David A. Lake is the Jerri-Ann and Gary E. Jacobs Professor of Social Sciences and Distinguished Professor of Political Science at the University of California, San Diego (UCSD). He is, most recently, the author of Hierarchy in International Relations. His other books include Entangling Relations: American Foreign Policy in Its Century and Power, Protection and Free Trade: International Sources of U.S. Commercial Strategy, 1887–1939. In addition, he is co-editor of 10 volumes and author of over 80 articles and book chapters on international relations, international political economy, and American foreign policy. He is Associate Dean of Social Sciences and Director of the Yankelovich Center for Social Science Research at UCSD. In 2013, he received the UCSD’s Chancellor’s Associates Awards for Excellence in Research in Humanities and Social Sciences.

Kenneth A. Schultz is Professor of Political Science at Stanford University. His research examines international conflict and conflict resolution, with particular focus on the domestic political influences on foreign policy choices. He is the author of Democracy and Coercive Diplomacy, as well as numerous book chapters and articles in scholarly journals. He received the 2003 Karl Deutsch Award from the International Studies Association, and the 2011 Dean’s Award for Distinguished Teaching from Stanford’s School of Humanities and Sciences.


Target Audience:

Student and academicians of political science.


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