Title Lifelines (Sustainable Infrastructure Series)
Subtitle The Resilient Infrastructure Opportunity
Author Stéphane Hallegatte, Jun Rentschler, Julie Rozenberg
ISBN 9781464814303
List price USD 39.95
Price outside India Available on Request
Original price
Binding Paperback
No of pages 224
Book size 203 X 267 mm
Publishing year 2019
Original publisher The World Bank
Published in India by .
Exclusive distributors Viva Books Private Limited
Sales territory India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Nepal, .
Status New Arrival
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From serving our most basic needs to enabling our most ambitious ventures in trade and technology, infrastructure services support our well-being and development. Reliable water, sanitation, energy, transport, and telecommunication services are universally considered to be essential for raising and maintaining people’s quality of life.

Yet millions of people, especially in low- and middle-income countries, are facing the consequences of unreliable electricity grids, inadequate water and sanitation systems, and overstrained transport networks. From floods and storms to earthquakes and landslides, natural hazards magnify the challenges faced by these fragile systems.

This book, Lifelines: The Resilient Infrastructure Opportunity, lays out a framework for understanding infrastructure resilience—the ability of infrastructure systems to function and meet users’ needs during and after a natural shock—and it makes an economic case for building more resilient infrastructure.

Building on a wide range of case studies, global empirical analyses, and modeling exercises, Lifelines provides an estimate of the impact of natural hazards on infrastructure. It looks at not only the repair costs but also the consequences for users—from households to global supply chains. It also reviews available options to make infrastructure assets, systems, and users more resilient and better able to cope with natural disasters. Assessing the costs and benefits of these options, the book demonstrates the economic value of investing in more resilient infrastructure, especially in low- and middle-income countries.

Lifelines concludes by identifying five obstacles to resilient infrastructure and offering concrete recommendations and specific actions that can be taken by governments, stakeholders, and the international community to improve the quality and adequacy of these essential systems and services, and thereby contribute to more resilient and prosperous societies.





Overview • Infrastructure disruptions are a drag on people and economies • More resilient infrastructure assets pay for themselves • Making infrastructure more resilient requires a consistent strategy • Notes • References

Chapter 1: Resilient Infrastructure: A Lifeline for Sustainable Development • Objectives of this report • Structure of the report • References


I. A Diagnosis: A Lack of Resilient Infrastructure Is Harming People and Firms

Chapter 2: Infrastructure Disruptions Are a Barrier to Thriving Firms • Infrastructure services enable firms to thrive • Infrastructure disruptions have direct and real costs for firms • Firms employ costly measures to cope with unreliability • Unreliable infrastructure leads to lower productivity • Notes • References

Chapter 3: Infrastructure Disruptions Affect the Health and Well-Being of Households • Infrastructure provides households with essential services • Power outages directly reduce the well-being of households • People’s health and well-being suffer when the water supply is unreliable • Transport disruptions lead to lost time, income, and access to services • Notes • References

Chapter 4: Natural Shocks Are a Leading Cause of Infrastructure Disruptions and Damages • The power sector is highly vulnerable to natural hazards • Water systems are particularly vulnerable to climate change and can contribute to managing floods and droughts • Natural hazards frequently disrupt and extensively damage transport infrastructure • When natural shocks disrupt telecommunications systems, whole countries can go offline • Infrastructure sometimes creates or increases natural risks • Notes • References

Chapter 5: From Micro to Macro: Local Disruptions Translate into Macroeconomic Impacts • A survey confirms the cost of natural hazards for firms through infrastructure disruptions • Consequences spread through domestic and international supply chains • Supply chain simulations enable better measurement of the macroeconomic impacts of disasters • Notes • References


II. A Matter of Design: Resilient Infrastructure Is Cost-Effective

Chapter 6: More Resilient Infrastructure Assets Are Cost-Effective • The additional up-front cost of more resilient assets depends on the asset and the hazard • The additional up-front cost of more resilient assets could be offset by lower maintenance and repair costs • Improving maintenance and operations is an option for boosting resilience and reducing costs • The cost of increasing resilience depends on the ability to spatially target strengthening • Summing up • References

Chapter 7: From Resilient Assets to Resilient Infrastructure Services • Using criticality analyses to prioritize interventions • Diversifying assets to increase network resilience • Decentralizing and using new technologies • Working across systems to capture synergies • Protecting infrastructure systems with dikes in dense areas • Combining infrastructure with nature-based solutions to reduce investment needs • Failing gracefully and recovering quickly • Notes • References

Chapter 8: From Resilient Infrastructure Services to Resilient Users • Reducing demand for infrastructure services by improving efficiency often builds resilience • Criticality depends on the end user: Some assets are critical for food security, others for competitiveness • End users need to prepare for infrastructure disruptions and design more resilient supply chains • Infrastructure affects the exposure of users to natural hazards • Notes • References


III. A Way Forward: Five Recommendations for More Resilient Infrastructure

Chapter 9: The Foundation for Resilient Infrastructure • The obstacle: Many infrastructure systems are poorly designed, operated, or maintained • Recommendation 1: Get the basics right • Notes • References

Chapter 10: Build Institutions for Resilience • The obstacle: Multiple political economy challenges and coordination failures impede public action on resilience • Recommendation 2: Build institutions for resilience • Notes • References

Chapter 11: Create Regulations and Incentives for Resilience • The obstacle: Infrastructure providers often lack the incentives to avoid disruptions and to strengthen the resilience of users • Recommendation 3: Include resilience in regulations and incentives • Note • References

Chapter 12: Improve Decision Making • The obstacle: Public and private actors often lack data, models, and capacity • Recommendation 4: Improve decision making • Notes • References

Chapter 13: Provide Financing • The obstacle: The infrastructure sector faces affordability and financing constraints • Recommendation 5: Ensure financing • References

Appendix A. Engineering Options to Increase the Resilience of Infrastructure Assets

About the Authors:

Stéphane Hallegatte is a lead economist with the Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery (GFDRR) at the World Bank. He joined the World Bank in 2012 after 10 years of academic research in environmental economics and climate science for Météo-France, the Centre International de Recherche sur l’Environnement et le Développement, and Stanford University. His research interests include the economics of natural disasters and risk management, climate change adaptation, urban policy and economics, climate change mitigation, and green growth. Mr. Hallegatte was a lead author of the 5th Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). He is the author of dozens of articles published in international journals in multiple disciplines and of several books, including Green Economy and the Crisis: 30 Proposals for a More Sustainable France, Risk Management: Lessons from the Storm Xynthia, and Natural Disasters and Climate Change: An Economic Perspective. He also co-led the World Bank reports Inclusive Green Growth: The Pathway to Sustainable Development, published in 2012 and Decarbonizing Development in 2015, and was member of the core writing team of the 2014 World Development Report Risk and Opportunity: Managing Risks for Development. Most recently, he led the World Bank report Shock Waves: Managing the Impacts of Climate Change on Poverty, published in 2015 just before the Paris conference on climate change. He was the team leader for the World Bank Group Climate Change Action Plan, a large internal coordination exercise to determine and explain how the Group will support countries in their implementation of the Paris Agreement. Mr. Hallegatte holds engineering degrees from the Ecole Polytechnique (Paris) and the Ecole Nationale de la Météorologie (Toulouse), a master’s degree in meteorology and climatology from the Université Paul Sabatier (Toulouse) and a Ph.D in economics from the Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales (Paris).

Jun Rentschler is an Economist at the Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery (GFDRR, World Bank). Prior to first joining The World Bank in 2012, he served as an Economic Adviser at the German Foreign Ministry, where he focused on economic and energy policy. He spent two years as an economist at the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) working on investment projects in resource efficiency and climate change. He is a Visiting Fellow at the Payne Institute for Public Policy, following previous affiliations with the Oxford Institute for Energy Studies and the Graduate Institute for Policy Studies in Tokyo. Jun holds a PhD in Economics from University College London (UCL), specializing in development, climate, and energy. He has published widely on these topics, including in academic journals and his books Fossil Fuel Subsidy Reforms: A Guide to Economic and Political Complexity (Routledge, 2018) and Investing in Resource Efficiency: The Economics and Politics of Financing the Resource Transition (Springer, 2018).

Julie Rozenberg is a Senior Economist with the Chief Economist of the World Bank Sustainable Development Group. Her work includes green growth and climate change mitigation strategies and climate change adaptation and disaster risk management. She is the author of many research articles and book chapters and led the World Bank report “Beyond the Gap”. She also develops innovative methodologies to take long-term uncertainties into account in the economic analyses of projects, in sectors like transport, water or urban, to help World Bank clients deal with climate change constraints and other long-term uncertainties in the preparation of projects and strategies. Julie Rozenberg holds an engineering degree from Ecole Nationale Superieure de Techniques Avancees and a PhD in economics from Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales in Paris.

Target Audience:

This book will be useful to people interested in sustainable infrastructure, economics, study of self development and infrastructure in low and middle-income countries.

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