Title The Mobility of Displaced Syrians
Subtitle An Economic and Social Analysis
Author The World Bank
ISBN 9781464814013
List price USD 49.95
Price outside India Available on Request
Original price
Binding Paperback
No of pages 320
Book size 178 x 254 mm
Publishing year 2019
Original publisher The World Bank
Published in India by .
Exclusive distributors Viva Books Private Limited
Sales territory India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Nepal, .
Status New Arrival
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The war in Syria, now in its eighth year, continues to take its toll on the Syrian people. Over half of the population of Syria remains displaced (as of September 2018), with more than 5.6 million registered as refugees outside of country and another 6.2 million displaced within Syria’s borders. The internally displaced include two million school-age children, with less than half attending school. Another 739,000 Syrian children are out of school in five neighboring countries that host Syria’s refugees. The loss of human capital is staggering, and it will create permanent hardship for generations of Syrians going forward.

Despite the tragic prospects for renewed fighting in certain parts of the country, an overall reduction in armed conflict is possible going forward. However, international experience shows that the absence of fighting is rarely a singular trigger for return of the displaced people. Numerous other factors, including improved security and socio-economic conditions in origin states, access to property and assets, the availability of key services, and restitution in home areas play important roles in shaping the scale and composition of returns. Overall, refugees have their own calculus of return that considers all these factors and assesses available options.

This study sheds light on the “mobility calculus” of Syrian refugees. While dismissing any policies that imply wrongful practices involving forced repatriation, the study analyzes factors that may be considered by refugees in their own decision to relocate. By doing so, it aims to provide a conceptual framework, supported by data and analysis, to facilitate an impartial conversation about refugees and their mobility choices.



Key Messages

Executive Summary

Introduction • The Nature of the Syrian Displacement • About This Report

Chapter 1: Refugee Returns Through a Global Lens • The Legal and Normative Context for Returns • The Numbers of Returns • The Determinants of Return • Asymmetries in Return • Concluding Remarks

Chapter 2: Economic and Social Context for Syrians • Data and Methodology • Peace, Security, and Protection • Status Quo: The Absence of a Positive Peace • Livelihoods and Access to Employment • Economic Activity • Employment • Monetary Poverty • Social Assistance • Housing, Land, and Property Rights • Infrastructure and Publicly Provided Services • Health • Education • Water and Sanitation • Solid Waste Management • Energy • Transportation • Concluding Remarks

Chapter 3: The Anatomy of Returns to Date • Return Trends at First Sight • Disentangling the Drivers of Return • What Matters and What Does not: Generalized Effects • Dodging Complexity: Localized Effects • Special Issues in Return • Conflict Events and Return • Duration of Refuge • Gender and Family Ties • Perceptions of Return • Concluding Remarks

Chapter 4: Return Simulations • Taking Uncertainty into Consideration • A Simulation Approach to Analyzing Mobility • The Role of Security and Service Restoration • The Role of Resource Allocation • The Role of Border Policies • Concluding Remarks



Annexes for Chapter 2

Annexes for Chapter 3

Annexes for Chapter 4


Target Audience:

This book will be useful to people interested in conflict and development in Syria, international economics, migration and development, employment and labour issues.

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