Title Port Development and Competition in East and Southern Africa
Subtitle Prospects and Challenges
Author Martin Humphreys, Aiga Stokenberga, Matias Herrera Dappe, Atsushi Iimi, Olivier Hartmann
ISBN 9781464814105
List price USD 39.95
Price outside India Available on Request
Original price
Binding Paperback
No of pages 186
Book size 216 x 279 mm
Publishing year 2019
Original publisher The World Bank
Published in India by .
Exclusive distributors Viva Books Private Limited
Sales territory India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Nepal, .
Status New Arrival
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Port Development and Competition in East and Southern Africa analyzes the 15 main ports in East and Southern Africa (ESA) to assess whether their proposed capacity enhancements are justified by current and projected demand; whether the current port management approaches sufficiently address not only the maritime capacity needs but also other impediments to port efficiency; and what the expected hierarchy of ports in the region will be in the future. The analysis confirms the need to increase maritime capacity, as the overall container demand in the ports in scope is predicted to begin exceeding total current capacity by between 2025 and 2030, while gaps in terms of dry and liquid bulk handling are expected even sooner. However, in the case of many of the ports, the issue of landside access—the ports’ intermodal connectivity, the ease of international border crossing, and the port-city interface—is more important than the need to improve maritime access and capacity. The analysis finds that there is a need to improve the operating efficiency in all of the ESA ports, as they are currently less than half as productive as the most efficient ports in the matched data set of similar ports across the world, in terms of efficiency in container-handling operations. Similarly, there is a need to improve and formalize stakeholder engagement in many of the ports, to introduce modern management systems, and to strengthen the institutional framework to ensure the most efficient use of the infrastructure and to be able to attract private capital and specialist terminal operators. Finally, given the ports’ geographic location and proximity to main shipping routes, available draft, and the ongoing port-and-hinterland development, the book concludes that Durban and Djibouti are the most likely to emerge as the regional hubs in ESA’s future hub-and-spoke system.


Foreword by Guangzhe Chen

Foreword by Deborah L. Wetzel


About the Authors


Overview • The main findings • Notes • References

Chapter 1: Introduction • Why was this study undertaken? • An outline of the report • Note • Reference

Chapter 2: The Role of the Port in International Trade • African economic growth • The growth and geography of African trade • The cost of trade • The role of the maritime port • Note • References

Chapter 3: The Port Sector in East and Southern Africa • A regional perspective • Overview of the main ports • Regional trends in traffic • Ongoing and planned development • Conclusions • Notes • References

Chapter 4: The Performance of the Individual Ports • Spatial and operational efficiency • Maritime access and connectivity • Technical efficiency • Notes • References

Chapter 5: The Challenges Facing the Ports in ESA • Trends in the shipping industry • Limited vertical or horizontal integration • The problem of landside access • Weaknesses in the institutional framework • Insufficient use of modern IT systems • Inadequate stakeholder engagement • Conclusions • Notes • References

Chapter 6: The Prospects for the ESA Ports • Introduction • Predicted demand growth • Competitive position of the ports • Determinants of port choice • Forecast demand for the individual ports • Implications for the individual ports • Conclusions • Note • References

Chapter 7: Conclusions and Recommendations • The main findings • The specific recommendations for each port • References

Appendix A: The Review of the Institutional Framework

About the Authors:

Aiga Stokenberga is an economist in the Transport Global Practice of the World Bank, where she works on economic and spatial analyses that inform urban transport and regional corridor planning strategies in Sub-Saharan Africa. She has previously worked in the fields of sustainable energy, logistics, and trade integration while at the World Resources Institute and at the Latin America and the Caribbean Unit of the World Bank. Her published research spans the fields of urban economics and transport planning. Stokenberga holds a master’s degree in International Energy Policy from Johns Hopkins University School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS) an d a doctorate in environment and resources, with a focus on urban land use, from Stanford University.

Matias Herrera Dappe is a Senior Economist in the Transport Global Practice of the World Bank. He has worked in the field of infrastructure and economic policy for more than 15 years, focusing on the economics of infrastructure investment, particularly transport, performance benchmarking, competition, and auctions. Before joining the World Bank, he worked in consulting and think tanks advising governments and companies in Latin America, North America, and Europe. He has written extensively on the topics mentioned. He holds a doctorate in economics from the University of Maryland, College Park.

Atsushi Iimi is a Senior Economist in the Transport Global Practice of the World Bank where he specializes in development economics related to the Bank’s transport operations in Africa. He joined the World Bank in 2006 after earning a doctorate in economics from Brown University. Before joining the Bank, he also worked at  International Monetary Fund (IMF) and Japan International Co-operation Agency/Overseas Economic Cooperation Fund, Japan. His research interests include spatial analysis, rural accessibility, evaluation of transport and energy projects, growth and public expenditure. His research on these topics has been published in scholarly journals, such as the Review of Industrial Economics, Journal of Urban Economics, Journal of Applied Economics, Development Economies, and IMF Staff Papers.

Olivier Hartmann joined the World Bank in 2010 and is currently in the Trade and Regional Integration unit, working primarily on improving transport and logistics along the African corridors. He is also contributing to the Regional Integration pillar of the Africa Transport Policy Program SSATP. Prior to that, he has worked for the Port Reunion Authority (Reunion island), then as Secretary General of PMAESA (the port industry association for Eastern and Southern Africa), where he was involved in trade facilitation and multimodal transport in Sub-Saharan Africa. After PMAESA, he worked for the Northern Corridor, which is serving the landlocked countries of East Africa from the port of Mombasa, where he designed the model Transport Observatory for the corridor.

Martin Humphreys is a Lead Transport Economist in the South Asia Unit of the Transport Global Practice of the World Bank. He has been working in the transport sector for nearly 30 years in a number of countries/regions, including, inter alia, United Kingdom, Denmark, Eastern Europe, the Russian Federation, South Asia, Central Asia, the South Caucasus, the Baltic States, the Western Balkan countries, and East and Southern Africa. His experience covers roads, railways, inland waterways and maritime ports, public-private partnerships, and trade and transport facilitation in post-conflict, fragile, and low- and middle-income countries. Humphreys has a first degree in economics and a master’s degree and doctorate in transport economics.

Target Audience:

This book will be useful to people interested in port development in East and Southern Africa, transport and maritime logistics and international trade.

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