Title Matter & Molecules
Subtitle A Broader & Deeper View of Chemical Thermodynamics
Author Roberto J. Fernandez-Prini, Ernesto Marceca, Horacio Roberto Corti
ISBN 9781516527540
List price USD 79.95
Price outside India Available on Request
Original price
Binding Paperback
No of pages 360
Book size 204 X 254 mm
Publishing year 2019
Original publisher Cognella Academic Publishing (Eurospan Group)
Published in India by .
Exclusive distributors Viva Books Private Limited
Sales territory India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Nepal, .
Status New Arrival
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Description:

Matter and Molecules: A Broader and Deeper View of Chemical Thermodynamics provides students with an interdisciplinary exploration of physical chemistry. Students learn critical concepts of physical chemistry with special emphasis on application to other areas of science. Instead of presenting a narrow, specialized view of physical and biological phenomena, the text provides a broader, global view, highlighting the problems and scenarios that must be faced and understood by chemists, biochemists, physicists, geologists, pharmacists, engineers, and others.

Over the course of 11 chapters, students learn about the fundamentals of thermodynamics; molecules, statistics, and matter; partial molar properties and phase transitions; and gaseous mixtures. They read about mixtures in condensed phases and their equilibrium with vapor, solutions, surface phenomena, and chemical equilibrium. The text closes with chapters dedicated to processes with charge transfer, non-equilibrium processes, and future developments anticipated within the discipline. Worked examples are included throughout to demonstrate the application of the material presented.

Matter and Molecules helps students connect the dots between key concepts in physical chemistry and their use in real-world settings. The text is an excellent resource for undergraduate and graduate courses in physical chemistry


Contents:

List of figures

Chapter 1. Thermodynamic background • Introduction • The principles • Other thermodynamic state functions • Qualitative relationships between thermodynamic and molecular properties • Multicomponent systems • Membrane or osmotic equilibrium • Digression about the second principle • Discussion topics: Time and thermodynamics • Heat and entropy transfer • Microorganisms growth • Transport against concentration gradient or active transport • Problems

Chapter 2. Molecules, statistics, and matter • Properties of matter • The partition function • Heat capacities and equipartition of energy • Heat capacity of solids • Molecular interactions: Their origin • Different types of intermolecular forces and models • Electrostatic interactions in vacuum • Dispersion forces, Lennard-Jones potential • The second virial coefficient • Interactions between molecular aggregates • Entropy and information • The third principle of thermodynamics • Discussion Topics: The case of water • Third principle and internal molecular rotations • Problems

Chapter 3. Partial molar properties and phase transitions • Euler’s integration method for extensive properties • Gibbs-Duhem’s relation and the phase rule • Phase equilibrium in pure substances • Cubic equations of state The van der Waals equation • Metaestability and glass transition • Effect of pressure on the vapor pressure of a condensed phase • Discussion Topics: State equation of an elastomer • Superheated liquid water • Problems

Chapter 4. Gaseous mixtures • The chemical potential • Meaning and molecular consequences of the mixing process • Mixture of real gases: Fugacity and standard state • Second virial coefficient and real gaseous mixtures • Mixture quantities and excess functions • Ideal and real gaseous mixtures • Discussion Topics: Enthalpies of gaseous mixtures and determination of second virial coefficients • Problems

Chapter 5. Mixtures in condensed phases and their equilibrium with the vapor • Ideal behavior • Chemical potential in an ideal liquid mixture • Mixtures of real liquids and standard states • Lattice model Simple and regular solutions • Behavior of mixtures: Thermodynamic requirements • Systems with azeotropes • Partial immiscibility • van Laar’s equation • Solutions of polymers and macromolecules • Solubility of non-ionic solids • Discussion Topics: Effect of long-lasting contaminants in the environment • Problems

Chapter 6. Solutions • Introduction • Supercritical extraction • Solubility of gases in liquids • Ionic solutes • Some differences evidenced by ionic systems • Debye-Hückel model • Concentrated solutions of electrolytes • Partial phase equilibrium or osmotic equilibrium • Depression of the melting point and ebulloscopic elevation • Osmotic pressure • Determination of mean activity and osmotic coefficients • Discussion Topics: The osmotic pump • Problems

Chapter 7. Surface phenomena • Introduction • Thermodynamic description of the role of surfaces • Curved surfaces Bubbles and drops • Solid-gas interface Adsorption • Microheterogeneous systems: Phase formation and molecular aggregation • Problems

Chapter 8. Chemical equilibrium • Its characteristic features • Homogeneous equilibrium and Variation of G with the extent of reaction • van’t Hoff’s isotherm and chemical equilibrium in real systems • Heterogeneous chemical equilibria • Le Chatelier’s principle and thermodynamic stability • A few consequences of the Le Chatelier’s principle • Equilibrium constants and statistical mechanics • Discussion Topics: Equilibrium state, thermodynamics, and kinetics of chemical reactions • Geothermometers and geobarometers • Problems

Chapter 9. Processes with charge transfer • Introduction • Debye-Hückel model • The conductivity of electrolytes • Charged interfaces. The electrochemical potential • Galvanic cells • Determination of mean activity coefficients and equilibrium constants • Colloidal systems • Discussion Topics: Donnan effect and membrane potential • Problems

Chapter 10. Non-Equilibrium thermodynamics and transport processes • Introduction • The local equilibrium hypothesis • The continuity equation • The entropy production • Transport processes • Generalization of Le Chatelier’s (or moderation) principle • Transport in homogeneous systems • Transport in heterogeneous systems • Discussion topics: Alternative description of chemical reactions • Controlled drug delivery • Problems

Chapter 11. Future developments • Behavior of matter in temporal and spatial micro- and nanoscopic scales • Behavior of systems which follow the laws of thermodynamics when symmetry is broken

Appendixes

A. Mathematical tools Discussion Topics: Mnemonic scheme to calculate the derivatives of the derivatives of thermodynamic fundamental functions • The velocity of propagation of sound and thermodynamic properties

B. Tabulation and calculation of standard thermodynamic quantities

C. Books suggested for consultation

Index

Credits


About the Authors:

Roberto J. Fernandez-Prini is emeritus full professor at the University of Buenos Aires and a senior investigator at CONICET. He earned his Ph.D. in physical chemistry from the University of Buenos Aires and completed post-doctoral studies at the University of Reading in the United Kingdom. His areas of specialty include intermolecular interactions, supercritical fluids, and chemical thermodynamics.

Ernesto Marceca is a professor in the School of Sciences at the University of Buenos Aires and a research staff member at CONICET. He earned his Ph.D. and MSc in chemistry from the University of Buenos Aires. His areas of specialty include the spectroscopy of isolated molecules and clusters, and the solvation dynamics and chemical reactivity in clusters and supercritical fluids.

Horacio Roberto Corti is a consultant professor of physical chemistry at the University of Buenos Aires, a senior investigator at CONICET, and consultant researcher at the National Atomic Energy Commission. He earned his Ph.D. and MSc in chemistry from the University of Buenos Aires. His areas of specialty include thermodynamics, aqueous systems, transport processes, cryopreservation, and fuel cells.


Target Audience:

The text provides a broader, global view, highlighting the problems and scenarios that must be faced and understood by chemists, biochemists, physicists, geologists, pharmacists, engineers, and others. The text is an excellent resource for undergraduate and graduate courses in physical chemistry.

 

 

 

 
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